Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda opened the Commonwealth conference on Wednesday (1 August) with a speech denouncing Bishop Abel Muzorewa's new government in Zimbabwe Rhodesia.
SV President of Tanzania Julius Nyerere and Angolan Neto enter room followed by Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda, Mozambique President Samora Machel and the President of Botswana Sir Seretse Khama.
SV President Nyerere speaking in English.
CU Secretary General of Zimbabwe African nationalist Union (ZANU) Edgar Tekere reading statement in English.
TRANSCRIPTS: NYERERE: SEQ 3: "The British government is coming, determined to defy African opinion. I have not discovered that it is in the interests of the British government to defy african opinion, and that is why ??? I am assuming that these consultations are going to be genuine consultations for the purpose of getting a consensus, knowing what the objectives of the African people are, and trying to achieve those objectives."
TEKERE: SEQ 4: "As this conference now prepares to open, we of the Patriotic Front again take the opportunity to restate. One: We insist that it is a pre-condition for the settlement of the Zimbabwean problem that the settler army in our country be completely dismantled army comprising the Patriotic Force now fighting for the liberation of the people of Zimbabwe. The Commonwealth summit will need to remember in this respect that this is in fact a requirement originally pre prescribed by the Angola-American proposals, which the Anglo-Americans have now abandoned. The Patriotic Front shall not be so foolish and treacherous to the people of Zimbabwe as to pretend that the security of a truly free, independent and non-racial Zimbabwe can securely repose in an army we have had to fight to dislodge for so long, and at so heavy a loss in life, blood, limb and property.
TEKERE: "She will fight hard to ignore this vital question because her racist mind deeply appreciates that the minority racist settler interest will only remain securely entrenched by the racist settler forces on whose back treacherous Muzorewa now rides. And she is the one kicking up the controversy. Controversy means a lot of disagreement. And we hope not many will go back home having learnt a few more lessons about the problems of Southern African and how this whole game has to be played."
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Background: Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda opened the Commonwealth conference on Wednesday (1 August) with a speech denouncing Bishop Abel Muzorewa's new government in Zimbabwe Rhodesia. President Kaunda is a key figure in black Africa's five 'Frontline' state. They support the Patriotic Front of Robert Mugabe and Joshua Nkomo which is fighting a guerrilla war against the Salisbury administration. British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher's hint that her new government may lift sanctions on Zimbabwe Rhodesia threatens to cause a major split at the Commonwealth conference. On Monday (30 July) leaders of the 'Frontline' states met in Lusaka in a move aimed at strengthening opposition to any possible recognition of the Muzorewa government.
SYNOPSIS: The five Presidents of the 'Frontline' states, Tanzania, Angola, Zambia, Mozambique and Botswana met at ??? State House. The permanent Chairman of the group Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere said he hoped the commonwealth conference would reach agreement on Zimbabwe Rhodesia. But later the Secretary General of Robert Mugabe's Zimbabwe African Nationalist Union Party (ZANU), Edgar Tekere gave newsmen a more hard-line Patriotic Front approach.
Mr. Tekere then moved to criticism of Mrs Thatcher.