INTRODUCTION: The Chinese government has admitted that it is worried about rising unemployment in the country -- especially among the young.
GV Unemployed youngsters in Peking (3 shots)
SV People in streets and shop collectives
GV EXTERIOR High school
SV INTERIOR Chinese teacher with pupils in school (3 shots)
GV Shanghai streets with buses and workers (2 shots)
SV ZOOM OUT TO GV Poster on wall
SV Workers on building site (2 shots)
SV Food stalls (private enterprise) (3 shots)
SV Man selling goods on pavement
SCU & GV Man cutting hair on pavement (2 shots)
SV Cobblers on street (3 shots)
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Background: INTRODUCTION: The Chinese government has admitted that it is worried about rising unemployment in the country -- especially among the young. It has started a campaign to promote private enterprise and has said that the State can no longer employ all the urban workforce.
SYNOPSIS: During the Cultural Revolution, many of China's youth were sent to the country to work with the peasants. Since the downfall of the Gang of Four and the change of government, they have begun returning to the cities and there is no work for them. More than 13 million youngsters were sent into the country between 1966 and 1976. Both those returning and those already in the cities are having trouble finding work.
In Peking, shop collectives have been set up and schools opened at night to give the youngsters a chance to obtain qualifications. The government has said that urban co-operatives and private business would have to expand to absorb more workers. They have also ordered an end to discrimination against private enterprise workers.
In Shanghai, workers are constructing a massive hotel -- but their job security is less than complete. It has been reported that workers are even getting the sack -- something unheard of previously. The government has confirmed it will have difficulty in reaching its target of nine or ten million new jobs this year.
Chinese banks are encouraging the people to borrow money to start their own businesses. Workers have started food stalls and are meeting with considerable success. They form co-operatives and draw a wage and monthly bonus -- dependent on profits. Graduates, however, are still assigned work by the State. They are not permitted to find their own jobs.
Goods are sold by private individuals from the pavement and even a haircut can be obtained at the side of the road.
China hopes that by the end of this year the unemployment problem will be under control. Mass demonstrations in Shanghai a few months ago led to the government's new employment programme and encouragement of private enterprise.