The Security Council of the United Nations on Friday (17 march) unanimously adopted a resolution strongly condemning the raid we earlier by Rhodesian armed forces into Zambia against guerrilla bases.
SV Ghanaian delegate Mr. Frank Boaten speaking
SV United Kingdom delegate of the Security Council announces vote and voting taking place
SV U.K. representative Richard speaking
BOATEN: "The criminal actions of lan Smith's minority regime, designed to exert pressure, not only on Zambia but on the front line states and the people who are actively and solidly supporting the people of Zimbabwe and Namibia in their just struggle for national liberation. By its open military aggression against sovereign and independent neighbouring states, and oppression of the people of Zimbabwe, Smith's states is increasingly jeopardising the majority of free African states. The people of Africa, will however, not be deterred from their support for the just struggle of the people of Zimbabwe to achieve an independent state and majority rule. Mr. President, Ghana considers that such armed attacks anywhere in the world are flagrant breaches of international law, and represent a serious threat to world peace and security."
RICHARD: "I should now like to make a statement in explanation of the vote in my capacity as permanent representative of the United Kingdom. Of all those who've spoke in this debate, I listened with the greatest attention to the distinguished Foreign Minister of Zambia. Mr. Mwale made vividly clear the death and destruction caused by the armed attack against his country. I believe none of us can be under any misapprehension about what happened. It is clear that there was a planned, premeditated attack, ??? some strength, mounted by the forces of the illegal regime in Salisbury. This I condemn, and condemn in this strongest terms. We have already communicated to the illegal regime our strong views on this matter."
On Tuesday (14 March), the Security Council declared illegal and unacceptable any internal Rhodesian agreement reached by lan Smith's government. The resolution was adopted by 10 votes to none, with abstentions by the United Kingdom, United States, France, Canada and West Germany. The raid across the border into Zambia came a few days after this agreement was signed in Rhodesia by Mr. Smith and three black nationalist leaders, Chief Jeremian Chiray, Bishop Abel Muzorewa, and the Revd. Ndabaningi Sithole. The raid was described by Rhodesia as a preemptive, self-defensive strike to prevent an attack across their border by black nationalist guerrillas based in Zambia. Rhodesia claims at least 42 guerrillas were killed in the raid for the loss of one Rhodesian soldier.
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Background: The Security Council of the United Nations on Friday (17 march) unanimously adopted a resolution strongly condemning the raid we earlier by Rhodesian armed forces into Zambia against guerrilla bases. It warned of possible unitive measures if There are other raids. The Council acted in response to Zambia's charge of aggression by Rhodesia. Several speakers condemned the attack. The Ghanaian representative Mr. Frank Boaten said the raid was a threat to world peace.
The draft resolution, jointly sponsored by Bolivia, Gabon, India, Kuwait, Mauritius and Nigeria, was accepted by all 15 members of the Security Council when put to the vote. It was adopted unanimously. After conducting the voting, the President of the Council, Mr. Ivor Richard, added his condemnation to those of other speakers.