As many as a million people are believed to be homeless in Souther Sudan after 17 years of fighting, which ended this year with an agreement allowing the three southern provinces a measure of regional autonomy.
SV & GV PAN Refugees return to village carrying belongings on their heads (2 shots)
SV Children playing in village
SV & CU Soldiers felling trees as others watch (6 shots)
GV & SV School building
CU Sign "Juba Civil Hospital"
GV & SV Patients in porehway. (3 shots)
SV & CU Patients attended by Chinese doctors (3 shots)
GV & SV Former re???l ??? soldiers (6 shots)
GV Ditto standing at attention
GV & SV Local Army Commander arrives & speaking to former rebels (5 shots)
Initials ES. 1600 SGM/1159
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Background: As many as a million people are believed to be homeless in Souther Sudan after 17 years of fighting, which ended this year with an agreement allowing the three southern provinces a measure of regional autonomy.
During the fighting, many residents fled their villages to adopt a nomadic, and primitive life in the bush. The peace agreement has prompted many to make their way back to their former homelands. They've arrived to find many villages completely destroyed. Some public buildings such as schools have fallen into disuse after being employed as barracks for soldiers during the war.
Medical assistance for the people of Southern Sudan is very sparse. One hospital, which is the only medical centre for hundreds of miles, is staffed by Chinese doctors.
As the Sudanese Government and the United Nations turn their attention to relieving the misery of the villagers, the Sudanese Army and the former rebel army are learning to come to terms with each another.
At a remote camp near Sudans border with the Zaire Republic, 350 former guerrilla troops have gathered to see what the peace agreement will offer them. It promises six thousand rebel soldiers places in Sudan's regular army and others will get jobs as policemen and prison warders.
When the local Army Commander visited the camp he was asked a stream of questions by the former rebels, some of whom expressed doubt about whether the conditions of the ceasefire were being carried out.
SYNOPSIS: Refugees from the seventeen year war in Southern Sudan are now making their way back to their homelands. The ceasefire agreement earlier this year has made it possible for the refugees to give up the primitive, nomadic existence forced on them by the bitter fighting near their villages. The refugees had found most of their homes completely destroyed. But for their children - many born in the bush - the village is a new experience.
Groups of soldiers - both regular army and from the guerrilla force - are cutting timber to help rebuild the villages. The United Nations believes up to a million refugees could be homeless and many are critically short of food. The United Nations Secretary-General has appealed for international aid for the refugees.
Many public buildings in Southern Sudan as derelict. They were either damaged in the fighting - or used as barracks for soldiers.
Medical supplies are in short supply. This is the only hospital for hundreds of miles and it's treating a wide variety of diseases and injuries. It's manned by a staff of Chinese doctors.
At a remote camp near the Zaire border three hundred and fifty former ??? soldiers have gathered to see what they'll get as a result of the ceasefire agreement. The guerrillas have been promised six thousand jobs in the Sudanese Army - and many more will get jobs as policemen and prison wardens.
In the years of fighting that these men survived more than a hundred thousand people were killed. The ceasefire agreement allows these soldiers and their families to live in a region that will be partly autonomous. This was an important occasion for the guerrillas. Meeting them for the first time since the fighting stopped was the local Sudanese Arm commander. He arrived with a group of advisers to talk to the former rebels and to reassure them about certain aspects of the ceasefire. It's commanders like these who have the task of ensuring that the guerrilla troops are rehabilitated without recrimination...a policy on which the future peace of Southern Sudan depends.