INTRODUCTION: China's new Communist Party chairman, Hu Yaobang, on Wednesday (1 July) outlined his plans for China's future.
GV (MUTE) EXTERIOR ZOOM TO Portrait Sun Yet Sen.
GV ZOOM TO Portrait Mao.
GV Portraits Marx and Engles.
GV Portraits Lenin and Stalin.
GV Party delegates at anniversary.
GVs Delegates entering hall. (3 SHOTS)
SV New Chairman Hu Yaobang (on left) speaks, Deng Xiaoping on right, delegates listen and applaud. (2 SHOTS)
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Background: INTRODUCTION: China's new Communist Party chairman, Hu Yaobang, on Wednesday (1 July) outlined his plans for China's future. In his inaugural address at celebrations marking the 60th anniversary of the founding of China's Communist Party, he called for greater democracy in the party, continued links with the West and a flexible approach to Marxist dogma. His speech underlined China's rejection of some aspects of its Maoist past.
Few Chinese doubt Sun Yet Sen, the founder of the republic but the role of Mao Tse Tung, is considered to be more controversial. On the one hand is hailed as China's greatest hero, but on the other a man who brought personality cults and anarchism to China.
On Monday (29 June) Hu Yaobang replaced Hua Guofeng, Mao's successor. His appointment was the climax of a long-running power struggle between Hua and the powerful vice Chairman Deng Xiaoping. Last year. Hua was replaced as Prime Minister by a Deng protege, Zhao Ziyang. Now with Hua as Chairman Deng's campaign to change the direction of China and remove the last traces of the old guard is complete. When Hua gave his inaugural speech on Wednesday, he promised several clear departures from the policies of the eras of Mao and Hua Guofeng.
Hu Yaobang's speech was televised live throughout China. He promised greater democracy within the Communist Party and greater efforts to correct the party's left wing orientation, which, he said, had continued after Mao. He referred to Marxism as a guiding ideology only and not "rigid dogma to be followed unthinkingly". He also called for readiness to learn from the experience of other nations. On foreign policy, he pledged continued resistance to Soviet policies,and friendship towards the industrialised West and Japan.