• Short Summary

    VARIOUS LOCATIONS

    The re-emergence of the three nations from Kremlin rule capped an 18 month independence campaign marked by bloodshed, demonstrations and Soviet economic sanctions.

  • Description

    VARIOUS LOCATIONS (1939 - 1991)
    (MUTE)
    DANZIG (23 AUGUST, 1939)
    1. GV/SV/MCU/CU RIBBENTROP DESCENDS FROM PLANE/RIBBENTROP AND MOLOTOV SIGN ACT/STALIN/NEWSPAPER HEADLINE ABOUT PACT 0.13
    MEMEL, LITHUANIA (1939)
    2. CU SIGN POST TO MEMEL 0.15
    3. GVS SWASTIKA-DECKED BRIDGE LEADING INTO MEMEL OVER RIVER NIEMEN, NAZI SOLDIERS AND OFFICER ON BRIDGE/PAN TO MEMEL AND RIVER 0.23
    VILNIUS, LITHUANIA (DECEMBER 1969)
    4. SV ANCIENT CASTLE WITH FLAG FLYING 0.27
    5. TRACKING SHOTS OF NEW APARTMENT BLOCKS 0.36
    TALLINN, ESTONIA (DECEMBER 1969)
    6. GV TRAFFIC AND TRAMS IN STREET/GENERAL VIEW OF CITY 0.48
    (NATURAL SOUND)
    RIGA, LATVIA (23 AUGUST, 1989)
    7. SV ANCIENT CASTLE WITH FLAG AT HALF MAST 0.52
    8. MCU/GVS LINES OF SINGING PEOPLES WITH HANDS JOINED THE HOLDING FLAGS 1.01
    TALLIN, ESTONIA (23 AUGUST, 1989)
    9. GV LINES OF PEOPLE HOLDING HANDS/AERIAL OF LONG LINE OF DEMONSTRATORS 1.18
    VILNIUS, LITHUANIA (12 AND 13 JANUARY, 1991)
    10. SLV NIGHTSHOTS ARMOURED VEHICLES IN STREETS 1.26
    11. GV TANKS IN STREET WITH SPOT LIGHTS/TANK CREWS FIRING 1.39
    12. LV SOLDIERS PUSHING BACK CROWD/SOLDIER HITTING MAN WITH RIFLE 1.45
    13. LV PROTESTERS SURROUNDING TANK AT TURRET AND GUN REVOLVES OVER THEIR HEADS 1.55
    14. CU DEAD MAN ON STRETCHER SURROUNDED BY ONLOOKERS 2.03
    15. CUS TWO DEAD MEN ON STRETCHERS IN HOSPITAL 2.12
    VILNIUS, LITHUANIA (1 SEPTEMBER, 1991)
    16. LVS/MCU RALLY IN VINGIS PARK/PRESIDENT LANDSBERGIS ON PLATFORM CROWD APPLAUDS/LANDSBERGIS ADDRESSING CROWD (LITHUANIAN) 2.46
    TALLIN, ESTONIA (30 AUGUST, 1991)
    17. LVS MCU PRESIDENT RUUTEL SEATED WITH FRENCH FOREIGN MINISTER ROLAND DUMAS 3.01
    RIGA, LATVIA (2 SEPTEMBER, 1991)
    18. MCU PRESIDENT GORBUNOVS SAYING HE HAS RECEIVED TELEPHONE CALL FROM UNITED STATES PRESIDENT BUSH ANNOUNCING U.S. RECOGNITION OF LATVIA (LATVIAN) 3.11
    Initials

    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: VARIOUS LOCATIONS

    The re-emergence of the three nations from Kremlin rule capped an 18 month independence campaign marked by bloodshed, demonstrations and Soviet economic sanctions.

    The three states were forcibly annexed by the Kremlin in 1939-40 under a secret pact signed by the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany.

    Lithuania declared independence on March 11, 1990, after the country's first free elections brought a secessionist government to power. Gorbachev called the declaration illegal and imposed an embargo on oil, natural gas and other critical supplies to the tiny republic for several weeks.

    Latvia and Estonia quickly joined the independence drive but sought a less confrontational path. Instead of declaring immediate independence, they announced their intention to secede after an undefined transition period.

    Source: REUTERS LIBRARY 1" VIDEOTAPE

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVADKGQI546T3ZFPF1HFS433JYM4
    Media URN:
    VLVADKGQI546T3ZFPF1HFS433JYM4
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    01/01/1939
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:03:11:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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