INTRODUCTION: The Soviet Union warned on Tuesday (27 January) that East-West detente would be badly damaged unless a new European Disarmament Conference was convened, but the United states replied that detente did not exist.
GV EXTERIOR Security Conference centre in Madrid with flags of nations.
GV EXTERIOR Delegates undergoing security check. (3 SHOTS)
SV EXTERIOR Flags of participating nations.
SV delegates in lobby.
SCU Conference PRESIDENT PULL OUT TO GV shaking hands with delegate.
SV Delegates entering Plenary Hall. (2 SHOTS)
SV Sign denoting Plenary Room.
SCU Us Ambassador Max Kampelman speaking at news conference.
SPEECH ON FILM (TRANSCRIPT) SEQ. 8: KAMPELMAN: "We are convinced, however, that it is impossible to continue the present situation under which the Soviet Union rearms at a pace unparalleled in world history, sends its troops into Afghanistan, invades a sovereign country, and then continue with increased repression internally, within its own borders against Soviet citizens. All of these things violate the principles of the Helsinki final act. We are her in Madrid discussing the act. Therefore, we say in all genuineness to the East, and to the Soviet leadership, 'You must understand that , until you behave within norms of ea international behaviour, we must act on the assumption that peace is not at hand'."
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Background: INTRODUCTION: The Soviet Union warned on Tuesday (27 January) that East-West detente would be badly damaged unless a new European Disarmament Conference was convened, but the United states replied that detente did not exist. The blunt statements from the two superpowers game at the start of the second and decisive phase of the 35-state European Security Conference in Madrid.
SYNOPSIS: Delegates from the United States, Canada, the Soviet Union and all European states except Albania, attended. they were beginning negotiations on more than 80 proposals designed to revive the detente process begun at the first Security Conference in Helsinki in 1975. The main focus of attention here was on rival Eastern and Western suggestions for new arms-reduction talks in Europe. Both schemes are for negotiations involving all the 35 security Conference participants, but there the similarity ends.
Poland, with Soviet-bloc backing, ha called for a disarmament conference to be convened in Warsaw next October. Delegates there would negotiate measures to reduce the danger of war breaking out in Europe, and they'd discuss armed reduction. France and her Common Market partners want negotiations on wide-ranging and mandatory measures covering the whole of Continental Europe. On Tuesday (27 January), the conference reviewed the way Helsinki signatory states had lived up to their commitments.
US delegation chief Max Kampelman strongly criticised the Soviet Union on that score, and said words alone would not achieve peace.