Two demonstrations in Leopoldville's native district, June 27, against the Congo's central Government, headed by Patrice Lumumba, - demonstrations which also called for the separate Governments to be set up in opposition to Lumumba's.
crowds on way through streets - spectators lining pavements - posters of Puna against Lumumba - police talk with demonstrators - Puna badge in native's hat - police in armoured vehicles - thousands of natives gathered to hear Bolikango speak - Bolikango addresses crowds - GV of crowd listening
natives march through streets - women marchers give "V" sign of Kalondji party - natives chanting and holding banners - police standing by - police plane flying overhead - Kalondji addresses massed gathering of natives - police stand by
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Background: Two demonstrations in Leopoldville's native district, June 27, against the Congo's central Government, headed by Patrice Lumumba, - demonstrations which also called for the separate Governments to be set up in opposition to Lumumba's.
The protests - following threats of secession by revenue-earning, mineral-rich Katanga Province - show strong forces of disunity wrenching the near-independent Congo.
Police were watchful but passive as leader Bolikango told vociferous supporters that they, the Bangalas of the Puna (Bangala Unity) Party, were not represented as they should be in Government, both in their Province and in Leopoldville. Bangalas - not the Bakongo tribe - had built Leopoldville itself, he said adding finally a plea for non-violence.
Earlier, leader Kalondji of the Congo Nationalist Kalondji Party told demonstrating supporters nobody was satisfied with the Lumumba Government except its won members. The Party would form its own Government both in Kasai Province, and in Katanga, there joining forces with the opposition Balibakat Party. Like Bolikango, Kalondji ended with a plea for calm.
Subsequently, Belgium's Minister in the Congo flew to Katanga in an attempt to restore Congo unity.