Egypt's President Anwar Sadat revealed on Sunday (28 September) that the United States has given his government an assurance that Israel will not attack Syria.
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SV Sadat speaking
GV Portraits of Nasser and Sadat PAN DOWN TO Sadat finishing speech
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Background: Egypt's President Anwar Sadat revealed on Sunday (28 September) that the United States has given his government an assurance that Israel will not attack Syria. The President also said negotiations on a Golan Heights disengagement accord would start soon.
The Egyptian leader's announcement came during a three-and-a-half hour speech at the headquarters of the Arab Socialist Union in Cairo to mark the fifth anniversary of the death of his predecessor, Gamal Abdel Nasser. The President also launched a further attack on the Soviet Union, ??? broken promises to supply Egypt with arms it had requested.
President Sadat's disclosure of the U.S. pledge on Syria came in the wake of bitter criticism from Syria and the Palestine Liberation Organisation (P.L.C.) over Egypt's recent interim accord with Israel over Sinai. The President said that he was assured by the U.S. that the Sinai agreement--signed in Geneva on 4 September--would be followed by a similar pact between Syria and Israel...and that the P.L.O. would take part in any negotiations towards on overall Middle East settlement.
President Sadat then mounted the latest in a series of high-level Egyptian attacks on the Soviet Union. He said that the turning point in Soviet-Egyptian relations over the past five years came in 1972 when a joint communique calling for military relaxation in the Middle East was issued by the Soviet and U.S. governments following former U.S. President Richard Nixon's Moscow visit. At this time, President Sadat explained, "I was not fully armed, ten steps behind (the Israelis) and with my land occupied."
The President described the communique as "the straw that broke the camel's back"... and accused the Soviet Union of trying to play off one Arab state against another by "flooding" Syria with arms and encouraging criticism of the accord with Israel.