India plays host to Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev next week (8 December) at a time when, according to Soviet Ambassador Yuli Vorontsov, co-operation between the two countries is growing, with agreements being signed almost every week.
New Delhi, August, 1971: GV & CU PAN INTERIOR Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko and Indian Foreign Minister Swaran Singh sign twenty year peace and co-operation treaty. (3 SHOTS)
GV EXTERIOR Photographers.
GV & SV Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Gromyko pose for photographers.
Peking, February, 1979: SV INTERIOR Chinese Vice-Premier Deng Xiaoping greeting Indian External Affairs Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
SV PAN DOWN FORM Mural, TO Deng talking to Vajpayee with delegate sitting nearby. (3 SHOTS)
GV People ling entrance to Communist rally, gateway with banners fastened with hammer and sickle. (2 SHOTS)
SV Communist leader Jyoti Basu garlanded.
SV PULL OUT TO MV crowd listens as Basu speaks.
SV & BACK V Speeches continues.
GV, SV & LV Mrs Gandhi seated at Commonwealth Conference in New Delhi. (3 SHOTS)
CU Mrs Gandhi speaking in English.
CU Sign in New Del hi "Information Department, USSR Embassy in India".
GVs Protestors carrying signs denouncing the presence of Soviet troops in Afghanistan and police trying to keep order. (3 SHOTS)
GV Crowd holding effigy of Brezhnev aloft and setting it on fire. (3 SHOTS)
GV PAN DOWN Oil rig in Arunachal state of India, workers at drill pipe and crane lifting pipe. (3 SHOTS)
30 September, 1980, the Kremlin: GV INTERIor Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev greets Indian President Sanjiva Reddy and they take seats with other delegates for talks. (2 SHOTS)
CU Brezhnev and GV delegates at table. (2 SHOTS)
TRANSCRIPT: GANDHI: "There is agreement on the point, that Soviet troops should withdraw. And the Soviets themselves say that they want to withdraw, provided on certain conditions. So we have to see, how we create, whether it is possible to create conditions which will be satisfactory all round."
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Background: India plays host to Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev next week (8 December) at a time when, according to Soviet Ambassador Yuli Vorontsov, co-operation between the two countries is growing, with agreements being signed almost every week. The Indian Prime Minister, mrs Indira Gandhi recently told Soviet journalists that Indo-Soviet friendship is founded on principles, and on the fact that the Soviet Union has helped India in moments of economic and moral need. And replying to western critics of the relationship, Mrs Gandhi says "India is not pro-Soviet, or anti-American. We are merely pro-Indian".
SYNOPSIS: The Indo-Soviet relationship is based on a twenty-year treaty of peace, friendship and co-operation, signed in 1971 by Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko and his Indian counterpart, Mr. Swaran Singh. The accords were signed shortly before the Indo-Pakistani war over East Pakistan, now Bangladesh at a time when India felt isolated, with millions of Bengali refugees pouring across its border.
India's relations with Moscow started growing ten years earlier during the India-China border war. And despite talks between Chinese Vice-Premier Deng Xiaoping and Indian External Affairs Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the long-standing border dispute remains unresolved. Political analysts therefore see India's policy of non-alignment titled towards Moscow, and away from the region's other superpower.
A united Communist Left in India has become a major opposition force, with impressive victories in several state assembly elections. According to a report in Britain's Guardian newspaper, the main confrontation in India in the coming months, or years will be between the policies of India Gandhi and the Communists.
Mrs Gandhi has been reluctant to join in a global condemnation of the presence of Soviet troops in Afghanistan, preferring a more conciliatory tone.
But India's Moslem minority insists that the Soviet presence in Afghanistan poses a threat to the peace and security of the Middle East and the Indian sub-continent. The Indian government would like Soviet troops to withdraw, if only to prevent a possible military build-up in neighbouring Pakistan, which also borders Afghanistan. Nevertheless, India abstained twice in the United Nations General Assembly, when an overwhelming majority of member countries voted for a Soviet withdrawal from afghanistan.
India needs oil to make up for the shortfall in supplies from warring Iraq and Iran. The Gulf oil accounted for two-thirds of India's imports. India's own exploration and expansion in the oil industry is being assisted by the Soviets. But in the mean time, the country has turned to Moscow for supplies of crude. Since India exports rice to the soviet Union there are suggestions that India will supply more foodgrains in return for the oil.
But according to a Soviet Embassy publication "Indo-Soviet trade is not merely an exchange of commodities --", though President Reddy went to the Kremlin in September to negotiable for oil. "Soviet trade", according to the Soviet article, "reflects the growing understanding and friendship between the Soviet Union and India and their concern for each other's vital needs". President Brezhnev is expected to sign several agreements during his four-day state visit -- concrete proof of these sentiments.