India's capital of New Delhi is leading the country in the plan to drastically reduce the birth-rate and has already achieved the Fifth Plan target three years ahead of schedule, by bringing down the birthrate below 30 per 1,000 of population.
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Background: India's capital of New Delhi is leading the country in the plan to drastically reduce the birth-rate and has already achieved the Fifth Plan target three years ahead of schedule, by bringing down the birthrate below 30 per 1,000 of population.
Official reports say 50 per cent of couples living in New Delhi are covered by the family planning programme. During the past three months 13,000 sterilisation operations were performed in the capital.
Earlier this month, the central government cleared the way for its individual states to impose compulsory sterilisation to curb the population. The Maharashtra State Government became the first to bring in compulsory sterilisation for parents with three children.
The central government announced a package of incentives and controls to achieve smaller families. This included an increase of the minimum marriage age for girls from 15 to 18 and for boys from 18 to 21.
India's population is currently averaging an increase of 13 million a year, and the package is designed to reduce the birth-rate by 1984 from 35 to 25 per thousand.
This month, the Government introduced a cash incentive scheme for both men and women who had a voluntary sterilisation. Incentives such as priority for accommodation, jobs or loans would be left to state governments.
In New Delhi, one of the major birth control methods being emphasised is sterilisation. But people are being told of the various control methods available and field workers canvass houses to tell of the various facilities available for family planning.
SYNOPSIS: The plan to drastically reduce India's birth-rate is well underway and already considerable success has been achieved in the capital of New Delhi. In a country whose population is increasing by an average of more than a million people a month, the Government has stepped in to ensure that the family planning programme is successful.
Earlier this month the central government cleared the way for individual states to impose compulsory sterilisation and announced a package of incentives and controls to achieve smaller families. New Delhi leads the country in its achievements.
In the past three months, 13,000 sterilisation operations have been performed in the capital and part of the incentive is a cash award made to men and women who have the operation. The government also allows state governments to offer other incentives such as priority for accommodation, jobs or loans.
Official figures say that 50 per cent of couples in New Delhi are now involved in the family planning programme. Field officers canvass homes to tell people of the various facilities available and already the birth rate has dropped noticeably in New Delhi. The overall government plan is to reduce the rate in India to 1.4 per cent by 1984.