The Organisation of Africa Unity is just 15 year old. Its charter was signed on?
GV: Conference hall, Libreville.
SV: Leaders, including President Mobutu, enter room.
SV PAN INTERIOR: Leaders seated in conference.
RHODESIA GV Executive Council in session.
CU: Chief Chirau, PAN TO Ian smith.
CU: Rev Nadabaningi Sithole.
CU: Bishop Muzorewa.
TANZANIA SV: Joshua Nkomo and Robert Mugabe enter room.
SV: President Kenneth kaunda enters room.
SV: President Samora Machel enters room.
NAMIBIA SV: Members of Democratic Turnhalle Alliance leave conference hall.
CU & GV: SWAPO posters and election headquarters. (2 SHOTS)
CU: Sam Nujoma speaking at United Nations.
MAURITANIA GV PAN: Sahara desert, wrecked truck.
MV PAN & SCUs: Bodies of Polisario guerrillas in sand. (3 SHOTS)
LIBYAN JAMAHIRIYAH CU: President Felix Malloum, ZOOM OUT & PAN TO Colonel Gadaffi, SV meeting in progress, SV Malloum and Gadaffi. (3 SHOTS)
CHAD MVs & GV: Libyan troops leave aircraft, form up. (3 SHOTS)
ETHIOPIA GVs & MVs: Wrecked vehicles, bridge and buildings in Gode. (5 SHOTS)
ZAIRE CU: Sign "Kolwezi" on airport building, ZOOM OUT TO refugees waiting to leave.
MV: Bodies and wrecked car. (3 SHOTS)
GV: French troops marching down street.
GV & SV: Villa, dead bodies outside. (3 SHOTS)
CU: Body on ground PAN TO French soldiers, GV wrecked compound.
NUJOMA: "I would like to reiterate SWAPO's preparedness to engage in further talks with the five Western governments in order to resolve the outstanding crucial issue."
The future or the Canary Islands may also figure at the next O.A.U. meeting. These islands, which are Spanish territory, are 70 miles (110 kilometres) off the north-west African coast, and the O.A.U. Liberation Committee has recommended that the organisation should support its independence movement, the M.P.A.I.A.C.
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Background: The Organisation of Africa Unity is just 15 year old. Its charter was signed on May 26, 1963, in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa. When its Heads of State hold their next regular meeting, in Sudan in two months time, they will probably be facing more urgent and complex problems than at any of their meetings in the organisation's history.
SYNOPSIS: When the leaders met in Gabon last July, President Mobutu of Zaire had his troubles with Shaba province -- but nothing to what they are now. Other topics considered at that meeting -- Rhodesia, Namibia, Chad's dispute with the Libyan Jamahiriyah, Ethiopia's with Somalia -- have since become more acute or more pressing.
Since then, an interim government has been formed in Rhodesia, headed by Mr. Ian Smith and three black leaders. The Council of Ministers of the O.A.U. has condemned it -- but has not so far given explicit recognition to Mr. Joshua Nkomo and Mr. Robert Mugabe, of the Patriotic Front. The "Front-line" Presidents support them, but the O.A.U. must decide quickly whether to do so. Elections with universal suffrage are due by the end of the year.
Namibia, or South West Africa, faces elections and independence by the end of the year. The multi-racial Democratic Turnhalle Alliance is ready to take part. So, on certain conditions, is SWAPO, the South West African Peoples Organisation, which enjoys O.A.U. backing. Its leader is Mr. Sam Nujoma.
Further north, three member states are involved in the smouldering war in Western Sahara. Morocco and Mauritania divided the territory when Spain withdrew. Algeria backs the Polisario guerrillas who want independence. O.A.U. postponed a special session on this question last October.
The Republic of Chad and the Libyan Jamahiriyah, its northern neighbour, are also in deep dispute. Only three months ago, their leaders met to settle their differences, arising out of Libyan support for the FORLINAT rebel movement in Chad. Libyan troops were sent to Ndjamena, the capital of Chad, as a peacekeeping force; but the accord has since broken down. French troops are supporting the Chad government, and the French allege that Libyan forces have been moving south in support of FROLINAT. Yet a third war between member states -- Ethiopia and Somalia -- has left tensions in its wake. The Somalia were driven out of the Ogaden, leaving devastation behind, them, and taking bitter feelings with them.
Finally, in the past two weeks has come the invasion of Shaba province of Zaire, with its mass killings of European and Africans by the rebel former Katangese. The assistance given by French troops to the central government will no doubt attract the attention of the O.A.U., which is strongly critical of non-African intervention in African affairs. The Organisation may also be forced to take a view on whether the rebels received foreign help. The Soviet Union and Cuba have both denied charges by Zaire that they were involved.