The problem of caring for countless thousands of refugees in the Sudan has been described as one of the most serious in the world.
GV: Children standing outside shanties in Um Gulga Camp and children on food sacks. (2 shots)
SV: Empty water barrels
GV: Straw shelters in camp with men sitting outside. (2 shots)
GV: Patient with TB outside sick bay
GV: Cripple walking from sick bay
GV: People with water containers at Camp Um Gargur
GV: Donkey on road followed by people rolling water barrels (2 shots)
GV: Shelter being built from sticks (poles)
GV EXTERIOR: Clinic and INTERIOR child being weighed on scales PAN TO children awaiting attention. (2 shots)
CU: Child suffering with malnutrition
GV PAN: Food being cooked while children queue
GV PAN:Tents at Khashm El Girbr and a rough shelter (2 shots)
LV: Khashm El Girbr Camp
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Background: The problem of caring for countless thousands of refugees in the Sudan has been described as one of the most serious in the world. Dr Ismail El-Haj Musa, the Sudanese Information and Culture Minister, said recently that the war in Eritrean which had driven four hundred thousand Eritrean refugees into Sudan, is the only source of disagreement between Sudan and Ethiopia.
SYNOPSIS: These children are being cared for in a refugee camp at Um Gulga, which has about twelve thousand residents.
A shortage of water, medical supplies and other facilities has led to serious pressures on the Sudanese communities. Housing, accommodation and schools have been stretched to their limits with over four-hundred thousand refugees to contend with. Many of the people here suffer from malaria, intestinal parasites as well as tuberculosis.
Settlement at the camp at Um Gargur started in 1977. It houses some five-thousand people many suffering from malaria and other diseases. One or two people die every couple of days. But the World Food programme sends beans, oil and powered milk to this organised settlement and each family is being given ten acres of land to farm. Thousands more refugees are expected here, and workers are preparing new facilities to cope with the expected influx.
Three months ago this child weighed only three kilogrammes (6.6 pounds) and was on the danger list. Now she's well on the way back to health after special rations given to her at the mother and child clinic.
The special ration given to children suffering from malnutrition is called DMK -- which stands for durra, milk and kabe (a compound made from chick-peas) Financial support for the clinic also comes from the Sudan Council of Churches.
khashm El Girbr -- a camp where most of the seven thousand refugees are living in tents. It is hoped that government and relief organisations will soon be sending help in the form of forty of fifty million pounds (88 million or 110 million U.S. dollars).