The Polish government has said it has received a hard-currency loan from the Soviet Union and pointedly reaffirmed its ties with Moscow.
GV EXT PAN Large crowd clapping some holding banners and Polish flags at St. peter's Square, Rome
SV Popes John Paul speaking PAN ZOOM TO Sign reading "Gdansk".
SV & CU Polish strike leader Lech Walesa speaking at foundation meeting of independent trade unions in Gdansk, Poland (2 shots)
SV People lining up at offices of new independent union
SCU PAN Man at desk talking to woman official of new trade union (2 shots)
GV TILT Pithead of Bytaur mine in Silesia with striking workers gathered outside gates (4 shots)
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Background: The Polish government has said it has received a hard-currency loan from the Soviet Union and pointedly reaffirmed its ties with Moscow. The loan was for an unspecified amount and appeared to signal that Moscow was willing to help Poland out of its financial problems and give the leadership breathing-space after a summer of labour turmoil. At least four mines in the Silesia are still on strike. The workers are demanding similar agreements those already signed between the government and workers in the shipyards of Gdansk. Meanwhile there's been a call from the Vatican for foreign countries to respect Poland's independence and sovereignty. Pope John Paul II told a crowd of pilgrims on Wednesday (3 September) that "sovereignty signifies the just right to self determination".
SYNOPSIS: A large Polish group of pilgrims had gathered at St Peter's Square to see the Pope at his weekly public audience.
The Pope reminded the crowd that September I was the 41st anniversary of Germany;s invasion of Poland at the start of World War II. He said the costs Poland incurred in the war justified what he called its "moral right to independence and sovereignty." The Polish-born Pontiff went on to say that respecting such a right was "requested by the international order and the international moral order." The Pope's statements came in response to fears of Soviet intervention in Poland's labour disputes. In Gdansk, workers are to be permitted to form free trade unions for the first time in a Communist-blc country.
In Gdansk, the man behind the shipworkers strike, Lech Walesa, chaired a meeting to discuss the future of the Baltic Coast union movement. The main concern of the 400 delegates was the direction the movement would not take. Mr Walesa recommended that any new moves wait until legislation was passed setting up the free trade unions. At the union offices, workers from other trade unions are reported to be wanting to join forces with the baltic-Coast group. Many observers believe workers throughout the country will join the new unions, deserting their membership of the official government-sponsored unions.
Meanwhile the pitheads of four mines is Silesia remained at a stand-still. The miners were still on strike. They are not members of the Silesian committee which signed an agreement on Wednesday (3 September) and they want written guarantees that they will be granted the same benefits and right to form independent trade unions. However, Government officials have stressed that the new reforms will be applied nationwide.