Prime Minister General Kassem took the salute, amid overwhelming adulation, of Baghdad's biggest military parade with British, Russian and American-built armour and planes, July 14 on the first anniversary of the Iraqi Republican Revolution.
LV crowded street
SV Kassem on dais
GV tank past crowd in parade (SOF)
CU crowd and picture
LV crowd chant, tanks in BG (SOF)
SHOT planes overhead
STV tank past crowd
SV Kassem on saluting dais
LV Russian tanks in parade
LV Russian tank in parade (SOF)
SV PAN another
STV crowd pushing etc.
STV tank past crowd
CU people chant and clap hands
GV mass shot, crowd surge into square
STV crowd and one person shoulder high
LV crowd in front of Kassem's dais (SOF)
STV crowd chant, clap (SOF)
LV mass crowd in square
LV vehicle passes through crowd
GV crowd in square (SOF)
SV Kassem on dais (2nd day)
CU Kassem PAN to officers
LV guests in stand
LV flags in parade
GV girls with flowers parade
STV girls with balloons
LV ditto past Kassem on dais
SHOT balloons released
LV Army banner and officers parade
SV PAN Mabdawi leading and salutes
SV Kassem salutes
SV mass flags parade
TV float and parade
CU clenched fist of statue
LV horsemen in parade (SOF)
TV float in parade
STV men in ancient Assyrian costume
SV float in parade
GV parade. People chart, clap
LV people in front of Kassem stand
SCU Kassem salutes
Editors: See also 4768/59
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Background: Prime Minister General Kassem took the salute, amid overwhelming adulation, of Baghdad's biggest military parade with British, Russian and American-built armour and planes, July 14 on the first anniversary of the Iraqi Republican Revolution. Next day, the General led the nation in a tribute to a mass civilian parade. So great was the ovation, that the saluting dais came near to induration by exultant spectators.
Never before had Iraqi's witnessed such a massive show of military might in their homeland. For two hours the torrid air shook with their cheers and the roar of tanks, heavy artillery and self-propelled guns.
Twelve months ago to the day, mobs had run riot in the first wild hours of the revolution that swept away the Hashemite Monarchy of King Facial and the Nuri-es Said Administration. Now it was martial music-mostly British- and military precision.
British-built jet aircraft streaked in salute almost at rooftop level. The dense crowd clapped and shouted devotion to the General and the Republic.
Among foreign observers form 50 countries were a Russian and Chinese Communist Deputy Prime Minister, delegations from most of the Soviet bloc countries, the Ambassadors of Britain and the U.S. and representatives of India and other uncommitted countries. The U.A.R sent no envoy.
The military parade itself indicated Iraq's professed policy of uncommittedness and of seeking good relations with East and West: equitably paraded were the Russian-built armoured troop carriers, British Centurion tanks, American recoilless guns, Russian T34 and T35 tanks, British anti-tank guns, American lorries and overhead the Hawker Hunters, MIGs and Venoms.
After the armour came units of the three Services, the Military Academy and truckloads of the Popular Resistance Forces - now under Army control - with the women's contingents carrying 303 British rifles.
In all, it was the General's day. The long Iraqi Communist Party's bid for power apparently had sunk in the seas of the people's worship of the Prime Minister. The Cabinet reshuffle on the eve of the parade had involved no formal Communist representation. Fears misfired too that Communist-inspired demonstrators would use the anniversary to provoke 'popular' disturbances.
Thus with his position and authority consolidated, General Kassem look the opportunity for a surprise speech in the evening: he publicly stated party political life - hitherto adjourned at his request - would be revived within six months, and free parliamentary elections held within twelve - a timetable which if it succeeded, would make General Kassem one of the most successful revolutionary leaders of modern times.
Next day July 15, the same exultant crowds jammed the city for the General's review of a mammoth civilian parade with floats, balloons, banners, bands. Marching in review for two hours were delegations of every Government department, men's and youth organisations, trade unions, doctors, lawyers and writers' associations and Colonel Mabdawi, the President of the "People's Court", leading a court delegation to loud applause.
With the pageant over, the General, engulfed in the hot embrace of the people's admiration, launched into another important political speech to reassure the nations of Iraq's post-revolutionary pledge to honour all obligations on oil, agreements and treaties.