• Short Summary

    THE ALABAMA STATE PRIMARY ELECTION IS TO BE HELD TOMORROW (TUESDAY, MAY 3RD) AND CANDIDATES HAVE BEEN CAMPAIGNING FOR VOTERS.

  • Description


    NEGROES BEING ATTACKED WITH DOGS AND FIRE HOSES DURING RIOTS OF 1963.



    MR & MRS WALLACE CAMPAIGNING, MRS WALLACE SPEAKING (SOF; MR FLOWERS SPEAKING (SOF); MR ELLIOTT SPEAKING (SOF); MR PATTERSON SPEAKING (SOF); MR GILCHRIST SPEAKING (SOF); DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING SPEAKING (SOF).



    TRANSCRIPT: MRS WALLACE: "THE RECORD OF THE WALLACE ADMINISTRATION IS ONE OF HONESTY, INTEGRITY AND PROGRESS. IF YOU WANT THIS RECORD CONTINUED, I ASK YOU TO CAST YOUR VOTE FOR ME ON MAY THIRD AND MY PLEDGE TO YOU IS THAT I WILL CONTINUE, AS MY HUSBAND HAS, THE SAME TYPE OF GOVERNMENT THAT YOU HAVE EXPERIENCED DURING THE LAST THREE YEARS AND WE WILL CONTINUE TO STAND UP FOR ALABAMA, THANK YOU."



    MR FLOWERS: "I ASK YOUR SUPPORT, NOT BECAUSE I DID GO TO HAINVILLE OR TO STILLMORE OR TO TUSKEGEE, THE ONLY REASON I MENTION THAT IS TO SHOW YOU THAT IF I TELL YOU I'LL DO SOMETHING, I'LL DO IT. WHERE ARE THOSE GREAT MEN OF MODERATION THAT COME TO YOU NOW AND ASK YOU FOR YOUR VOTE, WHERE WERE THEY WHEN I WENT TO TUSKEGEE AND TRIED EVERYTHING I COULD DO TO KEEP THAT SCHOOL OPEN OVER THERE - AND IT WAS RINGED WITH TROOPS AND CLOSED DOWN AND EVERY SCHOOL IN DODD COUNTY WAS CLOSED DOWN AND ONE SCHOOL WAS FINALLY BURNT DOWN. AND I WAS SCREAMING AND PREACHING AND BEGGING FOR UNDERSTANDING AND MODERATION. I'LL TELL YOU WHERE THEY WERE, WHEN I WAS THERE ON THE FIGHTING LINE FIGHTING, WHEN I WAS THERE STICKING UP FOR WHAT WAS RIGHT, WHEN I WAS THERE ADVOCATING WHAT IS RIGHT, THEY WERE WAITING FOR THE VOTING RIGHT ACT TO BE PASSED."



    MR ELLIOTT: "THE SPIRIT OF THE NEW ALABAMA IS THE PROMOTION OF RACIAL PEACE. THE SPIRIT OF THE NEW ALABAMA, MY FRIENDS, IS THE PROMOTION OF LOVE AND COMPASSION AND UNDERSTANDING BECAUSE UNLESS WE BUILD ON THOSE BLOCKS, WE BUILD IN VAIN. OR IT IS WORSE NOT TO BRAND THE KLU KLUX KLAN OR THE EXTREMISTS WHEREVER THEY MAY BE LOCATED. WE TURNED OUR RACIAL RELATIONS IN THIS STATE A FEW YEARS AGO, OVER TO THE EXTREMISTS IN OUR STATE. WE TURNED THEM OVER TO THE WHITE EXTREMISTS AND WE TURNED THEM OVER TO THE NEGRO EXTREMISTS AND I WANT TO SAY TO YOU HERE THIS AFTERNOON THAT I'M NOT SATISFIED FOR ONE WITH THE WAY THEY'VE BEEN HANDLING THEM."



    MR GILCHRIST: "THE LEGISLATORS HAVE SAID NO THREE TIMES, THE LEGISLATORS THAT VOTED NO REPRESENTED SEVENTY-EIGHT PER CENT OF THE POPULATION AND I SAY THAT NOBODY IS GOING TO BE FOOLED THAT THEY'RE NOT GOING TO PUT ON A SKIRT AND BONNET AND SLIP THROUGH THE BACK DOOR BECAUSE THE PEOPLE OF ALABAMA ARE GOING TO SAY THAT THIS CONSTITUTION IS BIGGER THAN ANY ONE MAN, IT WAS HERE BEFORE YOU CAME, IT'LL BE HERE AFTER YOU GO."



    MR PATTERSON: "I DON'T EVER WANT TO LIVE IN A STATE OR A PLACE WHERE I CAN'T STAND UP ANYWHERE AND SAY WHO I'M FOR FOR GOVERNOR OR ANY OTHER OFFICIAL WITHOUT FEAR OF ANY RETALIATION FROM MY GOVERNOR."



    MR LUTHER KING: "THERE'S POWER IN THIS BALLOT AND IT IS NOT STRAINED BUT IT IS A REALITY OF HISTORY AND YOU DON'T HEAR A LOT OF TALK ABOUT SEGREGATION DURING THE POLITICAL CAMPAIGN THIS YEAR AND THAT IS BECAUSE NOW WE HAVE THE BALLOT IN OUR HANDS AND LET US USE IT WELL. IF WE WILL USE THAT BALLOT WELL WE CAN TRANSFORM THE JANGLING DISCORDS OF THE STATE OF ALABAMA INTO A BEAUTIFUL SYMPHONY OF BROTHERHOOD IF WE WILL USE THAT BALLOT WELL WE CAN TRANSFORM THE DARK WELL OF YESTERDAY'S MAN'S INHUMANITY TO MAN INTO THE BRIGHT TOMORROW OF JUSTICE AND FREEDOM FOR ALL OF GOD'S CHILDREN IF WE WILL USE THAT BALLOT WELL WE WILL SPEED UP THE DAY WHEN JUSTICE WILL ROLL DOWN LIKE WATERS AND RIGHTEOUSNESS LIKE A MIGHTY STREAM."




    Initials JGS/N & VISLIB/CR/ES



    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: THE ALABAMA STATE PRIMARY ELECTION IS TO BE HELD TOMORROW (TUESDAY, MAY 3RD) AND CANDIDATES HAVE BEEN CAMPAIGNING FOR VOTERS. THIS ELECTION IS PARTICULARLY SIGNIFICANT BECAUSE THERE HAS BEEN A CONSIDERABLE INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF NEGROES ELIGIBLE TO VOTE.

    THE INCREASED NEGRO VOTE IS THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR IN TOMORROWS ELECTION, AND IT HAS HAD SOME DRAMATIC EFFECTS. FOR THE FIRST TIME, NO CANDIDATE IS URGING SEGREGATION. INSTEAD, SOME ARE ACTIVELY COURTING THE NEGRO VOTE. TRADITIONALLY, ALABAMA'S DEMOCRATS ARE SO STRONG THAT THE RESULT OF THE PRIMARY ELECTIONS IN MAY ALSO SETTLES THE ISSUES FOR NOVEMBER'S NATION-WIDE ELECTIONS. BUT LAST YEAR THE REPUBLICANS MANAGED TO RETURN A CONGRESSMAN TO WASHINGTON AND THEY HAVE HOPES THIS YEAR OF GETTING HIM IN AS GOVERNOR.

    THE REASON FOR THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE ALABAMA ELECTION SCENE IS PRESIDENT JOHNSON'S CIVIL RIGHTS ACT. THE PROCESS, BY NO MEANS COMPLETE, HAS GIVEN THE VOTE TO ENOUGH PREVIOUSLY VOTELESS NEGROES TO MAKE THEM A FORCE TO BE RECKONED WITH. ESPECIALLY IN SOME RURAL AREAS WHERE THEY OUTNUMBERS THE WHITES. PRESIDENT JOHNSON HAS NOT LET UP HIS OWN CAMPAIGN, AND IN WASHINGTON LAST WEEK HE ASKED CONGRESS TO PASS LEGISLATION TO STRENGTHEN THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT'S HAND IN PROTECTING THE CIVIL RIGHTS OF NEGROES.

    THE RETIRING GOVERNOR OF ALABAMA, GEORGE WALLACE, A STRONG SEGREGATIONALIST, TRIED RECENTLY TO AMEND THE CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE TO PERMIT HIMSELF AS GOVERNOR TO BE ABLE TO SERVE TWO MORE TERMS. HE WAS DEFEATED, AND HAS ENTERED HIS WIFE AS CANDIDATE, MAKING IT QUITE CLEAR THAT IF SHE WINS HE WILL EXERCISE THE "POWER BEHIND THE THRONE".

    ONE OF THE CANDIDATES ACTIVELY COURTING THE NEGRO VOTE IS THE STATE'S PRESENT ATTORNEY GENERAL, RICHMOND FLOWERS. MR FLOWERS IS A RACIAL MODERATE WHO HAS COME OUT SOLIDLY FOR STRICT OBSERVANCE OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS LEGISLATION. A 47-YEAR-OLD SON OF A CIVIL WAR HERO, MR FLOWERS HAS SAID THAT HE WANTS TO MAKE AN END OF THE WAR WITH THE NORTHERN YANKEES, A WAR THAT HAS BEEN OFFICIALLY OVER FOR MORE THAN A CENTURY.

    ANOTHER SERIOUS CHALLENGER IS CARL ELLIOTT, A FORMER CONGRESSMAN, WHO LOST HIS SEAT IN 1964 FOR BEING TOO OPENLY LOYAL TO PRESIDENT JOHNSON AND FOR ATTACKING THE KLU KLUX KLAN.

    BOB GILCHRIST, AN ALABAMA STATE SENATOR AND CANDIDATE IN THE PRESENT PRIMARY ELECTION, LED THE FIGHT AGAINST GOVERNOR WALLACE'S ATTEMPT TO EXTEND HIS TERM OF OFFICE. MR GILCHRIST, A MODERATE, FREQUENTLY SNIPES AT MRS WALLACE'S CANDIDATURE BY SUGGESTING MRS LADYBIRD JOHNSON AS NEXT PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.

    GOVERNOR WALLACE CLAIMS THAT HE HAS ONLY LOST ONE ELECTION. THE MAN WHO BEAT HIM IS JOHN PATTERSON, ANOTHER FORMER CONGRESSMAN AND A SERIOUS CHALLENGER AT THE ELECTION.

    DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, THE AMERICAN CIVIL RIGHTS LEADER, HAS BEEN TALKING TO NEGROES IN ALABAMA, PERSUADING THEM TO MAKE FULL USE OF THEIR NEWLY WON VOTES. ONE PROBLEM THAT DR. KING AND OTHER CIVIL RIGHTS LEADERS FACE IS TO COUNTERACT THE WORK DONE AMONG RURAL NEGROES BY THE 'BLACK PANTHERS', A NEGRO ORGANISATION WHICH HAS BEEN TELLING NEGROES TO VOTE ONLY FOR NEGRO CANDIDATES. DR. KING WANTS NEGROES TO VOTE, BUT TO VOTE FOR CANDIDATES OF ALL RACES AND AT ALL LEVELS.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVAEG1QAWSEU72QIQ2BASRUDUOPV
    Media URN:
    VLVAEG1QAWSEU72QIQ2BASRUDUOPV
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    02/05/1966
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:04:43:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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