• Short Summary

    THE POPULATION OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA TODAY EXCEEDS 700,000,000 -- AN INCREASE OF MORE THAN 200,000,000 SINCE THE COMMUNIST PARTY CAME TO POWER IN 1949.

  • Description


    AGRICULTURE IN ITS VARIOUS ASPECTS AT A COMMUNE OUTSIDE SHANGHAI. THIS COMMUNE, WHICH IS TYPICAL OF MANY, WAS FILMED RECENTLY DURING THE HARVESTING OF A BUMPER GRAIN CROP. ACTIVITIES SHOWN INCLUDE WATERING THE LAND, DIGGING IRRIGATION CANALS, PREPARING RICE FOR MARKET AND TRANSPORTING IT, AND GATHERING A TEA HARVEST.




    Initials



    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: THE POPULATION OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA TODAY EXCEEDS 700,000,000 -- AN INCREASE OF MORE THAN 200,000,000 SINCE THE COMMUNIST PARTY CAME TO POWER IN 1949. THE HUGE POPULATION, WHICH IS INCREASING AT A RATE OF MORE THAN OF MORE THAN 10,000,000 A YEAR, MEANS THAT LARGE-SCALE PRODUCTION OF FOOD IS ALL-IMPORTANT. AS A RESULT, ABOUT 80 PER-CENT OF THE CHINESE PEOPLE ARE EMPLOYED IN AGRICULTURE.

    ALL COMMUNES IN CHINA ARE SELF-GOVERNING, AND THE MEMBERS ELECT THEIR OWN LEADERS. SOME HAVE UP TO 10,000 MEMBERS. MECHANISATION OF FARMING IS STEADILY ON THE INCREASE, WITH A PRONOUNCED RISE IN THE PAST YEAR. THE GOVERNMENT SET-UP, JUST OVER A YEAR AGO, AN AGRICULTURAL BANK TO INCREASE LOANS TO COMMUNES FOR BUYING THE MACHINES AND EQUIPMENT THEY NEED.

    HOWEVER, MOST COMMUNE MEMBERS STILL HAVE TO WORK WITH THE SIMPLEST TOOLS, FROM HOEING TO DIGGING IRRIGATION CANALS. MUSCLE IS STILL THE MAIN INGREDIENT OF SUCCESS. BUT WHILE FARMING METHODS OF THE CHINESE FARM WORKER MAY NOT HAVE CHANGED MUCH, HIS OWN LIFE HAS CHANGED GREATLY SINCE THE COMMUNIST PARTY CAME TO POWER.

    FOR THE FIRST TIME IN CHINA'S LONG HISTORY, THE PEASANT IS FREE FROM MONEY-LENDERS AND PILLAGING BANDITS. FOR THE FIRST TIME, TOO, THE PEASANTS KNOW THAT HOWEVER SERIOUS A DROUGHT OR FLOOD, THE STATE WILL HELP THEM.

    THE GOVERNMENT, DURING THE TERRIBLE NATURAL DISASTERS TWO YEARS AGO, LOOKED AFTER EVEN THE MOST REMOTE PROVINCES.

    THIS YEAR IS REPORTED TO HAVE BEEN AN EXCELLENT ONE FOR THE COMMUNES OF THE REPUBLIC. THE NEW CHINA NEWS AGENCY ANNOUNCED YESTERDAY (TUESDAY) THAT PRODUCTION GENERALLY HAD ACHIEVED "THE LEVEL OF PAST ??? YIELD YEARS". IT SAID GRAIN, COTTON, OIL-BEARING CROPS, SUGAR CANE AND BEAT TOBACCO AND FRUIT HAD ALL SHOWN SUBSTANTIAL INCREASES, ALONG WITH THE PRODUCTION OF MEAT, POULTRY AND EGGS.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVAEJ5CGI5V04958GYE5MX0CPL2C
    Media URN:
    VLVAEJ5CGI5V04958GYE5MX0CPL2C
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    30/12/1964
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:04:13:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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