The Israeli government has blocked a political campaign to annex the Golan Heights, the strategic plateau captured from Syria in the 1967 war.
GV Israeli settlement with Golan hills in background (1980)
GV burning truck at Kuneitra (1967)
GV Israeli troops driving through Kuneitra in armoured cars
GVs Captured Syrian prisoners (2 shots)
GV tracking shot on to wrecked Syrian tank
GV tracking shot through Kuneitra and devastated building (2 shots)
GV (COLOUR) Israeli troops running through long grass near border with Syria (1980) (2 shots)
SVs 175 mm artillery gun being prepared for action and being loaded (3 shots)
SV and Zoom Israeli army observer looking towards United Nations border post.
GV River Jordan
GV Sign "Welcome to Katzrin", a new Israeli development
GV Pan over settlement buildings
GV's Cows grazing in Golan Heights countryside (2 shots)
CU Zoom out to Top View of people working on production line in shoe factory (3 shots)
SV's women working on production line (2 shots)
SV Settler Yoel Givol talking in English outside shoe factory.
GV Pan across work in progress on new settlement (2 shots)
GV Tractors at work on site
SV Tractor ploughing field PULL BACK TO GV with Golan hills in background.
CV Interior Opposition leader Shimon Peres speaking in English.
TRANSCRIPTS: GIVOL: "Now the question of annexation in the Golan Heights is not, as I see it, the problem of the people sitting here but the problem of the security of Israel. We think the Golan Heights should be part of Israel and this is the reason for the annexation law."
PERES: "I do not see that Syria is a settled country. It remains a belligerent country, very much connected with Soviet Russia. So we have to remain on the Golan Heights, undoubtly. Now I believe we can remain on the Golan Heights without the Bill. We have better reasons and deeper reasons to remain."
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Background: The Israeli government has blocked a political campaign to annex the Golan Heights, the strategic plateau captured from Syria in the 1967 war. The Cabinet voted on Monday (22 December) to oppose a private member's bill designed to make the occupied region a part of Israel. The decision meant certain defeat for the bill, sponsored by Mrs. Guela Cohan's right-wing Techiya (Rebirth) party. The United States special Middle East ambassador, Mr. Sol Linowitz, warned Israel last week that the proposed annexation would be "deeply regretted" in Washington.
SYNOPSIS: The Gola Heights tower more than 1,500 feet (457 metres) above the countryside of northern Galilee. The narrow, volcanic region was Syrian territory until its capture by Israeli armour in one of the six-day war's most daring assaults. Some of the heaviest fighting took place in Kuneitra, only 40 miles (64 kilometres) from the Syrian capital of Damascus. Kuneitra was once the home of 25,000 Arabs. Today, 13 years later, it's a shell-shattered, deserted town.
Israeli soldiers are still on the move in the Golan Heights. But this is one of the endless manoeuvres taking place on the disengagement line between the Golan Heights and Syria. A constant watch is kept for any sign of a Syrian attack. Although only 45 miles (about 72 kilometres) long and 15 miles (24 kilometres) wide, the Golan is vital strategic importance to the Israelis.
Some Jewish people see the Golan Heights as part of Eretz Israel, or the biblical land of Israel. But although there are 26 Jewish settlements in the heights - and three more under construction - their total population numbers only 6,000. The majority of the inhabitants are Druze Arabs, some 12,500 of them. They've been adding their voices of those demanding annexation of the territory by Israel.
The production line is busy at a kibbutz shoe factory in a region where jobs are sometimes hard to find. But the most modern of the settlements have a range of produce stretching from fruit and cotton to laboratory equipment. Yoel Givol, a jewish settler at the factory, gave his opinion on the issue of annexation:
The eventual annexation of the Golan is supported by a majority of the Knesset's 120 members. The issue reaches across the question of political differences. The present government, and the Labour opposition, are committed to keeping the Heights as a guarantee of Israel's security.
But the Labour party is also officially opposed to the annexation Bill. That was the opinion expressed by its leader, Shimon Peres, during a recent interview in Tel Aviv: