Many East Pakistanis still dream of independence, according to a film crew from the National Broadcasting Company of the United States.
GV & SV Farmers working in fields and rice paddies in East Pakistan (Reporter George Montgomery)
GV Pakistanis punting along river
GV Eat Pakistanis chanting "Bangla Desh" at camera crew in boat
SV & GTV Massed villagers chanting in front of camera (3 shots)
GV & SV Burnt out market area of village (3 shots)
GV Ferry PAN TO bridge destroyed by guerrillas
GV & SV Soldiers searching vehicles (5 shots)
SV & CU Captured guerrilla youth (4 shots)
SV & CU West Pakistani officer explaining markings on captured explosives
GV & SV PAN soldiers marching through field
GV PAN Burnt-out village (2 shots)
GTV Villagers in boats
CU Bangla Desh flag ZOOM BACK TO villagers chanting on river-bank (4 shots)
TRANSCRIPT: REPORTER: "Pakistan's military Government is busy promoting the fiction that everything is more or less quiet and normal in its Eastern province now that the Bengali revolt supposedly has been crushed. Foreign camera crew are supposed to have official guides and tranquil scenes like this are the ones the government wants filmed. Every now and then, though, a camera team manages to lose its official guide and get out into the countryside away from the Pakistani Army. This is how East Pakistani's Bengali people act when they meet a foreign television team under such circumstances.
"They many only be simple villagers, but they know that the camera operated by the foreigners is their channel to the outside world. So, for the camera, and the outside world, they shout 'Joy Bangla' -- 'Long live Bengal'. It is the rallying cry of the secessionist movement for an independent Bangla Desh -- the Bengal nation.
"The West Pakistani troops -- largely tough Punjabis -- have the edge. The villagers here offered no resistance when the soldiers came and burned their market stall recently. The Punjabi troops may have been looking for some of the Bangla Desh rebel guerrillas. The guerrillas are trying, with some success, to disrupt life in East Pakistan. For example, a team blew up this bridge recently.
"The Bangla Desh guerrillas also try to kill West Pakistani soldiers and East Pakistanis such as these who have joined the Government security forces. From time to time guerrillas are killed or captured like this 19-year-old. The West Pakistanis said this youth was Indian-trained, and carried Indian-made explosive."
(SEQ. 9): PAKISTAN ARMY OFFICER: "The marking here shows the Kief -- which shows that it has been made in the Kief factory in India. So we've no doubt -- and you can see that there are Indian markings. This is Indian, fuse is Indian, grenade is Indian, and the explosive is made in India -- it has the marking and you can check it."
REPORTER: "you don't see much of the West Pakistan Army in East Pakistan because a lot of it is on the Indian border trying to stop infiltrating guerrillas. Also the army doesn't let you film its anti-guerrilla operations.
"The Punjabis are good soldiers. The Bengalis accuse the West Pakistani troops of burning down villages as well as murder and robbery in areas where guerrillas are active. The Bengalis said this village was burned down by the soldiers as an anti-guerrilla reprisal. When the West Pakistani Army is not around people in out-of-the-way places even raise the rebel flag of bangla Desh. They say the guerrilla struggle will go on until it is the official flag. For most Bengalis, Pakistan is dead. Their real country, existing only in their hopes and reams, is Bangla Desh. George Montgomery, NBC News, in a village in East Pakistan'"
Initials OS/2305 OS/2329
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: Many East Pakistanis still dream of independence, according to a film crew from the National Broadcasting Company of the United States. The crew has reported that many of the natives demonstrated strongly in favour of the "Bangla desh" movement when the backs of Pakistani soldiers were turned.
The crew produced film of damage claimed to have been caused by the Mukti Fouj, (East Pakistani guerrilla movement.) This included a damaged bridge. The Pakistani army also produced some of its own evidence of guerrilla activity -- a captured rebel and ammunition. The guerrilla was in possession of a grenade which, a Pakistani soldier claimed, was made in and supplied by India.
This film is supplied with a commentary in English by the National Broadcasting Company of America which may be used if desired. A transcript of this appears on this page.
SYNOPSIS: A foreign film crew visiting East Pakistan claims that the people have by no means settle down under the martial law which was declared in March this year. All camera crews visiting the area have official guides, and they claim the guid??? only allow them to film the peaceful scene like this one. A camera crew from the National Broadcasting Company of America however, managed to shake off its guide filmed these scenes which they contend s??? the situation in East Pakistan has not reverted to normal.
The camera crew claimed the villagers of some areas in east Pakistan looked on foreigners as the only means of communication with the outside world. When they began filming without their guide, the villagers apparently massed to shout the old slogan "Long live Bengal", the rally call of the secessionist movement since the trouble in East Pakistan began.
The Pakistani troops, mainly tough Punjabi soldiers, have established a cor??? in East Pakistan. the villagers offered resistance when the soldiers came and burned their market stall recently. The soldiers may have been looking for guerrillas of the Mukti Fouj movement with still try -- with varying success -- disrupt life in East Pakistan....they bl??? up this bridge. (PAUSE)
The Mukti Fouj guerrillas also try to ki??? Pakistani occupation troops and some East Pakistanis such as these men who are members of the security forces. A nineteen-year-old boy, claimed by the Pakistani soldiers to be a member of the Mukti Fouj. One soldier also claimed that a grenade in his possession proved Indian intervention in the independence movement.
The Pakistani soldiers are efficient, but many of the villagers accuse them of burning down villages, of murder, and of robbery in areas here the guerrillas are still active. They claim this village was deliberately set on fire by troops as an indirect reprisal for guerrilla raids in the locality. In spite of this, they clam the guerrilla operations will continue until the last Pakistani soldier has left and they are given their independence.
When the Pakistani soldiers are not around they villagers raise the rebel flag of Bangla Desh.....the flag they claim will be the only one flying when the struggle is ended once and for all. For most Bengalis, the nation of Pakistan is ended. Their real country they say is Bangla Desh -- Free Bengal.