After 12 years of friction on their common border, India and Pakistan signed Oct. 23 in New Delhi, and agreement designed to end border disputes.
SV. Mr. Kharas and Mr. Desal sign agreement.
FULL CU. Desal.
CU. The agreement.
SV. They exchange copies of agreement.
SV. Signings continue.
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Background: After 12 years of friction on their common border, India and Pakistan signed Oct. 23 in New Delhi, and agreement designed to end border disputes.
Signatories were: Indian Commonwealth Relations Secretary, M. J. Desai, and Pakistan's acting Foreign Secretary, Lt.-Gen. T.G. Kharas.
The agreement signalled the successful ending of almost eight weeks of talks between the two countries. In a joint communique, India and Pakistan announced, they had reached "complete agreement" on all border disputes, and had drawn up rules to end friction on the 2,500-miles eastern border.
For years, the two sister-nations have been constantly on the brink of hostilities over shooting incidents on the border.
In future, any dispute will be resolved by negotiation. Should these fail, and impartial tribunal will be called. Under the heading "Ground Rules", only non-automatic weapons will in future be carried by border guards. A 300-yard wide no-man's-land will be created between the two countries, and area commanders will have greater discretionary powers to deal with minor problems.
The agreement involves two territorial changes. Part of the Parthia Forest will be transferred to Pakistan, and Tukergram goes to India. No population movements are envisaged - the people in these areas will come under the wings of the respective security forces.
Now that a new era of peace is to replace years of bitterness and quarrelling - India and Pakistan look forward to a similar settlement over the West Pakistan border.