LOTHAL (Soragwala) situated near the Gulf of Cambay is the most outstanding settlement of HARAPPA Civilisation (2500-1500 B.
Roll No. 1.
Two pan shots of a typical HARAPPAN JAR naturalistic and geometric designs painted in indiclible colour.
Following are the shots of characteristic daily utensils used by the Lothal people. They are identical to those found at Harappan and Mohanjedaro.
CU of a huge storage Jar with provision for lid.
" " " URN used for crematory purposes.
" " " handled BOWL.
" " " BEAKER.
" " " GOBLET.
" " " VASE.
" " " PERFORATED JAR.
" " " MINIATURE POT.
" " " A DISH ON STAND.
" " another dish on stand.
" " " typical plates and shallow dishes
Shot of the " Excavations at Lothal "Chart.
MS of the Lothal Painted Pottery.
Shots of the Terracota animal figures:-
Shots of the Bulls.
MS of the STONE WEIGHTS.
MS of the GAMESMAN.
Shots of the ORNAMENTS.
SHOTS OF THE STEATITE ORNAMENTS.
MS of ten animal figures. Left to right:- sparrow,bulls, Rhino, Bear and wheeled bull.
Different shots of the Lothal sealings.
Roll No. 2.
MS of the Lothal Beads.
Close shot of the beads.
Pan shot of the beads lying.
MS of the Lothal Seals.
CU of a NECKLACE.
MS of Mr. Raghunath, Excavation Assistant denoting:-
Left to right:- Ear Ornaments, Pendant, Disc Beads, Necklace and beads of other shapes.
CU of the Terracota Animal Figures.
CU of a stone weight.
CU of a microscopic beads and then being shown on hand. They are smaller then pinheads.
Close Ups of typical Indus Valley Vassals.
A huge storage Jar with provision for lid and two perforations on two sides indicating that it might have been kept hanging also.
A URN, mostly used to take the fire before a corpse. It shows the crematory traditions continued same as now a days.
A handled Bowl, Pretty deep. Might have been for the hot liquid food.
BEAKERS: Giant and small.
A beautiful pot with fine red shape least affected by cursy atmosphere.
A typical dish on stand: might have been a dignitories fruit pan.
Roll No. 3.
(This roll has been exposed at the site of excavations).
General view of the mound.
Different processes of excavations being carried on at the site:
MS of digging at the site.
MS of picking the pieces after digging.
MS of filling.
MS of brushing the site after excavation.
Shot of a mud- Brick House.
Shot of a Individual Mud-Brick room.
Technical Assistant Mr. Raghunath explaining the Mud-Brick
House, Bath and Kitchen.
General View of the Mud- Brick Houses.
Shot of Mr. S. R. Rao, Superintendent of archeology, Western Circle explaining the drainage System of the Lothal Folk.
General shot of the Structures on clay filling.
Shot of the secondary drains and the houses.
CU of a Flesh out Soakage Jar over which there is a wall.
LS of the Burnt Brick Wall containing brakers and square goblets.
Shot of the Eroded platform 18' high.
CU of the Kiln structure found only at Lothal, not found even at Harappa and Mohanjedaro.
General view of the mamonth platform 145' .
CU of the Kiln showing compartments and drains.
MS of the labourers doing the large scale brushing of the site.
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Background: LOTHAL (Soragwala) situated near the Gulf of Cambay is the most outstanding settlement of HARAPPA Civilisation (2500-1500 B.C.) known within the Indian borders. With a rich wheat and cotton growing land and easy access to the sea, Lothal was a promising port and it owed its prosperity to trade. Though the town was subject to inundation by the overflowing rivers Sabarmati and Bhogavo, the inhabitants met this threat by building the entire township on extensive platforms of mud-bricks raising their height whenever necessary. To save labour and cost involved in building platforms everywhere, they filled earth in between blocks of platforms and constructed houses over the filling also. The town was well planned and the houses were built in a straight line.Each house had a bath and a drain with soakage jars. Among the personal ornaments of the Lothal folks mention must be made of the microscopic steatite beads. 5,00,000, in number, and gold beads of smallest size ever known. They used copper arrow beads, axes and terracotta bulls for their weapons. Copper razers, fish hooks and chent blades were their main tools. Lothal is well known for the realistic representation of animal figures in terracotta and on seals and sealings. A beautiful figure of a dog in copper is an example of metal casting. The specialised pottery forms and painted designs on them reveal high attainment of the potter. The use of standard weights suggests that trade was regulated as in the Indus Valley.
After the destruction of Lothal in 1500 BC, the Harappans lived in poor condition at Rangpur, a site 30 miles south-west of Lothal where from material evidence of a degenerate Harappa culture have been obtained in the excavations.
The Lothal and Rangpur have helped in filling the gap in Indian archeology and also thrown new light on the survival and devolution of the Harappa civilization.