The latest Rolls-Royce powerplants for propulsion on land, sea and in the air are featured in the exhibition, with Rolls-Royce motor cars and details of the company's activities in many other fields such as engines for vertical take-off aircraft, industrial gas turbines, rocket engines, nuclear propulsion and advanced research.
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Background: The latest Rolls-Royce powerplants for propulsion on land, sea and in the air are featured in the exhibition, with Rolls-Royce motor cars and details of the company's activities in many other fields such as engines for vertical take-off aircraft, industrial gas turbines, rocket engines, nuclear propulsion and advanced research.
Details of the exhibits and displays are given below with information about Rolls-Royce products and their use in the United States.
Six full-scale engines are exhibited :-
SPEY -25 FANJET: This is the latest Rolls-Royce fanjet and is entering service this year in the U.S. powering BAC One-Eleven airliners. Speys have thrusts from 8,740 to 12,500 lb. and have been chosen to power three civil and three military types of aircraft, including the new Grumman Gulfstream 2 jet executive and advanced versions of the McDonnell F.4 Phantom II supersonic strike fighter.
CONWAY 42 FANJET: This 21,000 lb. thrust fanjet and the higher-thrust Conway 43 are both more powerful than any other jet engines in airlines service in the Western World. Conway 43s power the Vickers Super VC 10 airliners operated by British Overseas Airways fanjet in airline service and has been flying on world air routes for over five years. It powers Boeing 707s and Douglas DC-8s in service with nine international airlines.
DART 7 PROPJET: 2,100 e.h.p. Darts of this type power two types of different built in the U.S. - the Fairchild F.27 and the Grumman Gulfstream. They are also in service with U.S. airlines operating Vickers Viscount airliners and Hawker Siddeley Argosy freighters. Dart propjets of 3,025 e.h.p. have recently been ordered by U.S. airlines to re-engine Convair airliners.
RB.162 LIFT JET: With a thrust of 4,400 lb. - 16 times its weight -the RB. 162 is the most advanced lift jet for vertical take-off aircraft which is now flying. RB.162s are installed in the Dassault Mirage III V supersonic V/STOL aircraft and have been chosen for all the jet-lift V/STOL aircraft now being developed in Continental Europe.
K 60 MULTI-FUEL ENGINE: This advanced 240 b.h.p. engine for military vehicles is an opposed-piston two-stroke diesel which can operate on a wide range of fuels - gasoline, kerosene and diesel oil. Its low fuel consumption gives a military vehicle up to 70% greater range than with a petrol engine of the same power.
DV8TM DIESEL ENGINE: This is the most powerful diesel engine produced by Rolls-Royce. The turbocharged marine version exhibited has a maximum power of 700 b.h.p.
The latest models of Rolls-Royce motor car are on display. More of these cars are sold in the U.S. than in any other country outside Britain. Rolls-Royce cars are known the world over for their silence, smoothness and reliability. The main current model is the Silver Cloud III, which has an eight-cylinder 6,230 cc. engine, power-assisted steering and fully automatic transmission.
In addition to full-scale engines and motor cars, model exhibits and display panels feature the company's aero, diesel and rocket engines, engines for V/STOL aircraft, industrial turbines, nuclear propulsion and advanced research. There are also displays by the British Aircraft Corporation and British Overseas Airways Corporation featuring their latest Rolls-Royce powered aircraft, the BAC One-Eleven and the Vickers Super VC 10 airliners.
Models show the 13 types of civil aircraft made or operated in the U.S. which have Rolls-Royce engines and also European vertical take-off aircraft powered by the company's engines.
Aero engines: Rolls-Royce jets and propjets are on order for or in service with 126 airlines and 40 armed Services around the world. They power 24% of the jet and propjet airliners operated in the U.S. The company's civil turbine engines are backed by more operating experience than those of any other manufacturer and have set up notable firsts - for example, the Dart was the first propjet to enter airline service; the Avon was the first airline jet engine to operate over the North Atlantic; the Conway was the first fanjet into service.
Diesel engines: Rolls-Royce diesels give powers from 70 to 700 b.h.p. They are in use in over 100 countries, including the U.S., and their major applications are in earthmoving, railway, automotive, marine, industrial and oilfield equipment.
Rocket engines: The Rolls-Royce RZ.2, of 150,000 lb. thrust, is the most powerful rocket engine produced in Europe. This engine, developed under a technical co-operation agreement with Rocketdyne, powers the Blue Streak space launcher.
Engines for V/STOL aircraft: Rolls-Royce has more experience with jet-lift engines for V/STOL aircraft than any other company. Since development of the Flying Bedstead test rig in the early 1950s, Rolls-Royce has produced a range of engines for V/STOL aircraft. Among the current and new European V/STOL aircraft powered by Rolls-Royce are the German EWR Sud VJ 101C, VAK 191B and Dornier 31, and the French Dassault Mirage III V. The company has developed a range of lightweight lift jets with thrusts up to 16 times weight and is now designing a third-generation lift jet with a thrust of over 20 times its weight.
Industrial turbines: Rolls-Royce Avon industrial turbines, similar to the Avon turbojet, are used for jumping natural gas on the Trans-Canada Pipeline and for peak-load and emergency power generation in British power station. They are also suitable for a wide range of other industrial and marine applications.
Nuclear propulsion: Two aspects of Rolls-Royce advanced research featured in the exhibition are the development of high-strength fibre-reinforced material and work on harnessing the explosive detonation of fuel in an advanced engine system. A reinforced aluminium material has been developed using high-strength silica fibres. This material has much greater strength than conventional aluminium alloys and retains its strength to higher temperatures.
ROLLS-ROYCE AND THE UNITED STATES
For many years the United States has been one of the major markets for Rolls-Royce products. Until the 1939-45 war the main Rolls-Royce sales to the U.S. were of motor cars, but since the war aero engines have accounted for the greater part of U.S. sales.
Today there are 456 civil aircraft with Rolls-Royce engines in service with or on order for 20 U.S. airlines and U.S. executive operators. Details of the airlines and the aircraft types concerned are given below. Rolls-Royce engines are also installed in or on order for six types of civil aircraft built in the U.S. and one type of military aircraft. These are the Boeing 707-420 (four Conway fanjets), the Douglas DC-8/40 (four Conway fanjets), the Dart Convair (two Dart propjets), the Fairchild F.27 (two Dart propjets), the Grumman Gulfstream (two Dart propjets), the Grumman Gulfstream 2 (two Spey fanjets), and the McDonnell F.4 Phantom II supersonic strike fighter (two Spey turbofans with reheat).
A programme of co-operation with the United States on the development of an advanced lift jet for military vertical take-off aircraft was announced on February 9 by the British Minister of Aviation. This is a field in which Rolls-Royce has unrivalled experience.
The company has had a great deal of experience with arrangements for the production of its engines under license and with co-operative agreements on engine development. Arrangements of this type have been made in the past with companies in the U.S. Rolls-Royce co-operation with U.S. companies has also been a two-way traffic and license and technical co-operation agreements have been made with several U.S. manufacturers. Example are the agreement with Rocketdyne on the rocket engines produced by Rolls-Royce for Blue Streak, with Continental Motors Corporation on the Continental piston engines produced by Rolls-Royce, and with Westinghouse for reactors for power stations.
U.S. OPERATORS OF ROLLS-ROYCE POWERED CIVIL AIRCRAFT
Operator#No of aircraft in service or on order#Aircraft type
American Airlines#30#BAC One-Eleven
Aloha Airlines#3#Vickers Viscount
Bonanza Air Lines#14#Fairchild F.27
Braniff International Airways#14+12 on option#BAC One-Eleven
Capitol Airways#4#Hawker Siddeley Argosy
Central Airlines#10#Dart Convairliner
Continental Airlines#11#Vickers Viscount
Flying Tiger Line#10#Canadair Forty-Four
Hawaiin Airlines#7#Dart Convairliner
Mohawk Airlines#7+2 on option#BAC One-Eleven
Ozark Air Lines#7#Fairchild F.27
Pacific Air Lines#9#Fairchild F.27
Piedmont Airlines#8#Fairchild F.27
Seaboard World Airlines#7#Canadair Forty-Four
Slick Airways#4#Canadair Forty-Four
Trans-Texas Airways#25#Dart Convairliner
United Airlines#45#Vickers Viscount
#20#Sud Aviation Caravelle
West Coast Airlines#10#Fairchild F.27
Wien Alaska Airlines#2#Fairchild F.27
Zantop Air Transport#3#Hawker Siddeley Argosy
Executive operators#149#Grumman Gulfstream