INTRODUCTION: Three African members of the United Nations Security Council formally submitted five resolutions on Wednesday (29 April) calling for mandatory sanctions against South Africa for denying independence to Namibia (South West Africa).
GV United Nations Security Council in session
SCU Ugandan permanent representative to UN Olara Otunnu speaking
SV PAN FROM Japanese, French and Chinese representatives
SV Niger permanent representative to UN Ide Oumarou speaking in French
LV Mr. Otunnu and aides seated at news conference
CU/SV Mr. Otunnu speaking as reporter take notes (5 shots)
SPEECH ON FILM (TRANSCRIPT)
SEQ. 2: OTUNNU: "In the course of the debate we have presented a straightforward incontestable case. We have shown why and how all measures hitherto adopted by the Council, over a span of no less than 15 years, have failed to dislodge South Africa from Namibia."
SPEECH ON FILM (TRANSCRIPT)
SEQ. 6: OTUNNU: "Nothing has been presented by the Western Contact Five group, or anybody else, to change our plans. We've therefore introduced the draft resolutions with a view to moving to a vote. The position of the African group is that Resolution 435, which the Western package (as heard), I must stress, is the only basis for transition to Namibian independence. And that that resolution 435 is non-negotiable. The south Africans are aware through their own scientific research in Namibia that SWAPO would win in fair and free elections. And they're dead set against SWAPO getting to power through the democratic process. The irony of all this, from our point of view, is that countries who supposedly profess commitment to democracy, are not willing to force the hand of South Africa in order to see democracy reigning in Namibia."
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: INTRODUCTION: Three African members of the United Nations Security Council formally submitted five resolutions on Wednesday (29 April) calling for mandatory sanctions against South Africa for denying independence to Namibia (South West Africa). Five Western powers -- the United States, Britain, France, Canada and West Germany -- drafted an independence plan endorsed by the Security Council in 1978, but South Africa has balked at its implementation. The resolutions put forward by the African members called for an embargo on oil and arms to South Africa and economic and political sanctions. These range from the severing of all diplomatic, consular and trade relations to the banning of airlines operating to and from both South Africa and Namibia.
SYNOPSIS: The Council had been debating the sanctions for more than a week. Olara Otunnu of Uganda summed up the situation.
To date, the only mandatory sanctions imposed have been against Rhodesia after its unilateral declaration of independence in 1965.
Mr. Ide Oumarou of Niger, one of the resolutions' sponsors, said the African group was not seeking confrontation. It asked only that the Security Council assume its responsibility and end what he called the defiance to its prestige.
The African members -- Niger, Tunisia and Uganda were joined by Mexico and Panama in sponsoring the first resolution, which laid the groundwork. The last resolution called for the establishment of a Council committee to see that the sanctions were implemented. The Western group is scheduled to meet in Rome next week in its efforts to find a workable compromise. Mr. Otunnu of Uganda later spoke to newsmen, about the underlying problems.