There are reports that half a million citizens--more than half the population of Hanoi--have been ordered to leave the North Vietnamese capital to escape United States bombing raids.
GV PAN's showing closed shops and few people on streets (2 shots)
GV Coaches with evacuees
SCU PAN Evacuees in coach
SV TILT UP Evacuee standing at roadside
GV PAN Truckload of evacuees
SV PAN Refugees on truck with luggage and CU Ditto (4 shots)
GV Crowds waving PAN TO refugees waving as truck leaves
SV Refugees on truck
MV PAN Truck away with bicycle on front PAN refugees waving on truck
Initials BB/1530 GR/DW/BB/1545
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Background: There are reports that half a million citizens--more than half the population of Hanoi--have been ordered to leave the North Vietnamese capital to escape United States bombing raids.
Leaving the formerly busy central market-places and streets almost deserted, those not actively engaged in civil defence are being evacuated from the city in trucks and buses to rural areas. This official North Vietnamese film shows of the refugees leaving.
There have been 6,500 bombing-raids by the U.S. Command since 9th April on North Vietnam, many of them hitting targets in and around Hanoi. The Command describes the raids as retaliation against the North Vietnamese offensive south of the Demilitarized Zone, and have maintained that the targets destroyed have all been militarily relevant.
North Vietnamese sources have repeatedly claimed civilian loss of life from the raids.
The latest report in an intensive phase of the raids is of a strike on Sunday (21st May) against the main power station in Hanoi. The U.S. Command announced the raid on Tuesday (23 May) and said that the raid was carried out in a way that would minimise civilian casualties. They stated that a group of hand-picked pilots flew eight or nine aircraft instead of the usual 40 to 50 used on missions. "Phenomally accurate" guided bombs were used.