• Short Summary

    SHARPEVILLE, SOUTH AFRICA

    The Sharpeville riots erupted on March 21, 1960, when thousands of demonstrators answered the call by the outlawed Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) to protest against the South African government's pass laws.

  • Description

    (VISLIB - MARCH 21,1960) (MUTE)
    1. GV Demonstrators protesting pass laws and demanding freedom (2 shots) 0.06
    2. GVs & SVs Police collecting corpses after massacre, dead and wounded on ground (7 shots) 0.30
    (BREYTENBACH - MARCH 20, 1983): (SOUND)
    3. SVs Graves of victims ZOOM TO CU names headstone PAN TO people tending graves (4 shots) 1.00
    4. GV Church in Sharpeville 1.05
    5. SVs INTERIOR Church service in progress with people raising clenched fists and clapping (3 shots) 1.25
    6. SCU Man speaking in church (SOT with translation into local language) 1.50
    7. GV PAN Congregation singing 1.56
    SPEECH TRANSCRIPT (SEQUENCE SIX): SPEAKER: "The years have not dyed or blurred our vision...they will stand vivid and it is an indelible mark on our souls, which will only be wiped out by our victory when we meet on the grand rendezvous of freedom."
    InitialsCC/BB


    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: SHARPEVILLE, SOUTH AFRICA

    The Sharpeville riots erupted on March 21, 1960, when thousands of demonstrators answered the call by the outlawed Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) to protest against the South African government's pass laws. Sixty-nine people died and more than 180 were injured when the police opened fire into the crowd. A commission of inquiry later found that 75 policemen had fired 700 shots. They also used armoured cars and South African aid force jets to disperse the thousands of demonstrators. The controversial pass laws required all non-white citizens to carry government issued papers at all times. After the riots, the authorities renewed the laws and also outlawed the African National Congress (ANC). This year, on March 20, the Azanian People's Organisation (Azapo) arranged a church memorial service to mark the massacre. It was attended by several African leaders, including the organisation's president, Lybon Mabasa. One speaker at the service said that the killings had left an indelible mark on their collective conscience, and that the only way to gain freedom.

    Source: REUTERS - LOUIS BREYTENBACH

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVAF4SHSVWFAPU7CQX9HG9C0KHE6
    Media URN:
    VLVAF4SHSVWFAPU7CQX9HG9C0KHE6
    Group:
    Reuters - Including Visnews
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    21/03/1983
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:01:59:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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