• Short Summary

    USA Reactions to declaration of war after attack on Pearl Harbour December 7th 1941, including extracts of President Roosevelt speaking to Congress
    and his address to the Nation from the White House.

  • Description

    Congress, Washington DC, U.S.A.:

    GV President F.D, Roosevelt speaking at Congress: "Yesterday, December 7th, 1941, a date which will live in infamy, the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked, by Naval and Air Forces of the Empire of Japan. It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes it obvious that the attack was deliberately planned many days or even weeks ago.

    SV Roosevelt speaking: "As Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy I have directed that all measures be taken for our defence, but always will our whole nation remember the character of the onslaught against us. (Applause)

    SV Roosevelt speaking: "I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7th, 1941, a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese Empire."
    (Applause) Long elevated view audience applauding. Long elevated view audience applauding.

    SV and SCU Sam Rayburn Speaker of the House of Representatives - signing Declaration of War (Flashes) SCU and SV Henry Agard Wallis - Vice President of the U.S.A. signing Declaration of War.

    SV Roosevelt speaking: "No matter how long it may take us to overcome this pre-mediated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory. (Applause)

    "Hostilities exist, there is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory, and our interests are in grave danger. With confidence in our armed forces, with the unbounding determination of our people we will gain the inevitable triumph, so help us God." (Applause)

    Angle shot line of American soldiers marching past. GV line of soldiers lined up outside building. SV Attorney Gen. Biddle posing. (Silent) SV Biddle speaks. SCU Biddle speaks. CU Biddle speaks.
    SV Biddle speaks: "Living among us are those we call aliens. They are people who have come here, most of them because they believe in and wish to enjoy the same freedom that means so much to us.

    SCU Biddle speaking: "We must remember that our parents or our grandparents or our great-grandparents all were aliens in their day.

    CU Biddle speaking: "If you wish to prove your loyalty to the American Government you must leave to the Federal Agencies this duty of handling alien questions concerning aliens. This will prevent injustice and possible retaliation against Americans in alien countries.

    "If you believe you have knowledge of any improper activity of any alien you should report the fact to the nearest FBI office. That is all you should do. Don't try to be the law yourself."
    YOKAHOMMA, LOS ANGELES, U.S.A. ( GOOD SCENES - ROLL 1.)

    GV two military police on Yokahomma Bank in Los Angeles. TV sailing boats - quayside. SV Japanese fishing girls run. GV Jap American League place American flag outside door. SV Jap man and woman posing by American flag.

    GV Lake Washington Bridge - cars stopped by troopers. SV American troopers speaking to Japs. SV trooper questioning group of Japs.

    White House, Washington D,C USA
    GOOD SCENES: GV pan car arriving at white House. SV Secretary Hull out of car into White House. STV group of reporters etc. outside White House.

    White House, Washington D.C USA
    Shot of Roosevelt sitting by fireside. CU Roosevelt speaking by fireplace.
    Roosevelt saying " The sudden criminal attacks perpetrated by the Japanese in the Pacific provide the climax of a decade of international immorality.

    Powerful and resourceful gangsters have banded together to make war upon the whole human race. Their challenge has now been flung at the United States of America. The Japanese have treacherously violated the longstanding peace between us. Many American soldiers and sailors have been killed by enemy action. American ships have been sunk; American airplanes have been destroyed.

    The Congress and the people of the United States have accepted that challenge. "
    CU Roosevelt saying : This Government will put its trust in the stamina of the American people, and will give the facts to the public just as soon as two conditions have been fulfilled: first, that the information has been definitely and officially confirmed; and, second, that the release of the information at the time it is received will not prove valuable to the enemy directly or indirectly. "
    We must be set to face a long war against crafty and powerful bandits. The attack at Pearl Harbor can be repeated at any one of many points, points in both oceans and along both our coast lines and against all the rest of the Hemisphere.

    It will not only be a long war, it will be a hard war. That is the basis on which we now lay all our plans. That is the yardstick by which we measure what we shall need and demand; money, materials, doubled and quadrupled production -- ever-increasing. The production must be not only for our own Army and Navy and air forces. It must reinforce the other armies and navies and air forces fighting the Nazis and the war lords of Japan throughout the Americas and throughout the world. "

    SCU Roosevelt saying " I was about to add that ahead there lies sacrifice for all of us.

    But it is not correct to use that word. The United States does not consider it a sacrifice to do all one can, to give one's best to our nation, when the nation is fighting for its existence and its future life.

    It is not a sacrifice for any man, old or young, to be in the Army or the Navy of the United States. Rather it is a privilege. "

    Roosevelt continuing " Remember always that Germany and Italy, regardless of any formal declaration of war, consider themselves at war with the United States at this moment just as much as they consider themselves at war with Britain or Russia. And Germany puts all the other Republics of the Americas into the same category of enemies. The people of our sister Republics of this Hemisphere can be honored by that fact."


    (** NOTE THAT THE REMAINDER OF THE SHOTLIST BELOW IS NOT ON THIS CLIP ****


    U.S.A.: Coast to Coast Survey of America War Minded. Seattle, U.S.A. GTV night scenes of the light of Seattle. SV woman putting blanket up at window for black-out. SV men with newspaper, headline "BLACKOUT TONIGHT." SV broken window of shop. CU and SV broken windows. GV empty street in Japanese section of town. SV soldier guarding Japanese store. Shot of four Jap fishing girls getting out of way of the camera. SV guard checking identification of Chinese reporter outside gate of bank of Kokohama in Los Angeles. CU Chinamen opening jacket to reveal card reasing "CHINESE REPORTER - NOT JAPANESE - PLEAS:" LV Japs out of car and rounded up by FBI.

    U.S.A.: Survey of America War Minded. Shot of Roosevelt sitting by fireside. CU Roosevelt speaking by fireplace. White House, Washington D.C., U.S.A. SOUND EFFECTS

    "We are going to win this war and we are going to win the peace that follows and in the difficult hours of this day and through dark days that may be yet to come we will know that the vast majority of the members of the of the human race are fighting on our side. All of them are praying for us, for in representing our cause we represent theirs as well. Our hope and their hope for liberty under God."


    U.S.A.: Coast to Coast Survey of America War Minded. Washington, D.C., U.S.A. INT. State Department Washington. LV telegraph machines. SV signs over tape machines "LANGLEY FIELD" & "PANAMA." CU sign "HAWAII" on tape machine. TV Mr. M. J. McDermott giving out war news to Press men. CU McDermott reading out news. Two SVs reporters making notes. CU reporter typing. CU N.B.C. announcer at mike. CU G.B.S. announcer at mike. Map scene of the Pacific Islands, showing Russia, Alaska, Canada, U.S.A., San Francisco, Philippines, China, Australia, etc. Map scenes of Philippines and Tokyo. LV General Arnold with officers looking over map of South America on table. CU map pan up to Gen. Arnold. Angle shot sign over door "Chief of Naval Operations" and Assts. Chief of Naval Operations." SV officers entering and leaving room - guard outside. GV State Department Building (Good EXT. Scene) LV towards Karusu and Nomuro arriving at State Department building. CU State Department Building door, sign over it saying "Secretary of State." CU Karusu and Nomuro sitting down waiting. LV crowd outside Jap Embassy. LV grounds of the Jap Embassy, incinerators on the lawn full of burning paper. SV and CU incinerators. GV crowds outside Capitol at Washington. Nearer shot of grounds. LV crowd on kerb. Shot showing barricades across road to Capitol with sign "DO NOT ENTER" and policeman guarding it. SV policeman stopping group. LV pan Roosevelt arriving in open car with police escort. INT. GV Roosevelt being applauded in Congress. SV Roosevelt speaking and applause. LV audience applauding. GV members calling for vote. Pan shot roll call and members shouting "AYE." LV Sam Rayburn - Speaker of the House of Representatives saying resolution is carried and applause. SV Roosevelt signing Declaration of War. Side view Roosevelt signing.

    SOUND EFFECTS: Roosevelt speaks: "Hostilities exist, there is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory, and our interests are in grave danger. With confidence in our armed forces, with the unbounding determination of our people we will gain the inevitable triumph - so help us God." Natural sound of Sam Rayburn - Speaker of the House of Representatives calling out names and people voting "AYE." Rayburn says that the resolution to declare War is carried. U.S. BLUE AND FINE GRAIN DUPE OF MONTAGE.

    U.S.A.: Survey of America War Minded. Manhattan New York, U.S.A. AV pan of Upper Manhattan.

    U.S.A.: Coast to Coast Survey of America War Minded. NEW YORK, U.S.A. GV crowds on Broadway and electric sign giving out news. LV crowds and sign. SV crowds and sign. CU sign saying - "U.S. BATTLESHIP OKLAHOMA SET AFIRE BY JAPS, etc." CU newspaper headline - AIR RAID ALARM SOUNDED - NEW YORK POST." Pan fire-engine in front of house. Shot of people in windows looking up. SV men in doorway looking up. LV children running out of Adelphi Academy. SV children entering cellar. SV American Legion Warning Service Hat - sign "AIRCRAFT WARNING SERVICE BROOKLYN POST, AMERICAN LEGION." CU warden looking through glasses. SV Legionnaires at headquarters on phone. SV Lagenar marking map. CU First Aid sign on girl's arm "EMERGENCY FIRST AID. AMERICAN RED CROSS." GV and SV girl First Aid workers. Pan down State War Department, to guards forming up in front of building. Shot from inside through doors showing guards outside.

    GV and SV crowds examining bulletin of the first casualties in Times Square. CU pan down list of casualties. CU obituary of Private George G. Leslie. CU still of boy Leslie. CU Mother and Father at radio in home. CU obituary of Corporal Vincent M. Horan. CU still of boy Horan. CU obituary of Sgt. Schmersal - air corps. CU Sgt. Schmersal's father holding photo tilt down to picture of Sgt. Schmersal. CU picture of Sgt. Schmersal. CU Sgt. Schmersal's father speaks.

    SOUND EFFECTS: CU SGT. SCHMERSAL'S FATHER:

    "The only thing I can say is that you have to take it. The only thing I feel real bad about is that our boys didn't have a chance to go ahead and take care of the way they dastardly attacked them.

    "The son of mine always wanted to join in with the Army and he had his life in front of him. He had a good time while he was there and he enjoyed it and I don't know just can't say no more - can't say no more.

    U.S.A.: Coast to Coast Survey of America War Minded. Nebraska, U.S.A. LV generators of the Norris Dam. STV guards walking past spillway. SV two guards walking past. GV troops guarding Potomac River Bridge. SV train passes soldier on guard.

    U.S.A.: Survey of America War Minded Connecticut, U.S.A. SV Mr. & Mrs. Horan at their home.

    U.S.A.: Coast to Coast Survey of America War Minded. YOKAHOMMA, LOS ANGELES, U.S.A. GOOD SCENES - ROLL 1.

    GV two military police on Yokahomma Bank in Los Angeles. TV sailing boats - quayside. SV Japanese fishing girls run. GV Jap American League place American flag outside door. SV Jap man and woman posing by American flag.

    U.S.A.: Coast to Coast Survey of America War Minded. San Francisco, California, U.S.A. GV men outside recruiting office. LV queue outside post office. INT. GV recruiting office. INT. view men signing on. CU three types signing on. SV sailor kissing girl. SV sailor kissing girl. CU girl talking to Marine. Pan down National Emergency poster reading "A NATIONAL EMERGENCY IS UPON US, ARISE AMERICA BEFORE IT IS TOO LATE, DEFEND YOUR COUNTRY AND YOUR LOVED ONES - ENLIST NOW.." Shot, of American flag superimposed over scenes of troops marching.

    U.S.A.: Coast to Coast Survey of America War Minded. Ellis Island, U.S.A. SV guards outside Ellis Island barge office. LV Japs enter office. SV two Japs waiting to be questioned. SV one Jap waiting for questioning. CU Jap being questioned by reporters.

    U.S.A.: Coast to Coast Survey of America War Minded. New York, U.S.A. GV crowds on Broadway and electric sign giving out news. LV crowds and sign. SV crowds and sign. CU sign saying - "U.S.BATTELSHIP OKLAHOMA SET AFIRE BY JAPS..etc."

    Washington D.C., U.S.A.: INT. State Department, Washington. LV telegraph machines. SV signs over tape machines "LANGLEY FIELD" And "PANAMA." CU sign "HAWAII" on tape machine. TV McDermott giving out war news to Press men. CU McDermott reading out news. SV and SV reporters making notes. CU reporter typing. CU N.B.C. announcer at mike. CU G.B.S. announcer at mike. Map scene of the Pacific Islands - showing Russia, Alaska, Canada, U.S.A... San Francisco, Philippines, China, Australia, etc. Map scene of Philippines and Tokyo.

    Congress Washington D.C., U.S.A.: LV Gen. Arnold with officers looking over map of S. America on table. CU map pan up to Arnold. Angle shot sign over door "Chief of Naval Operations" and Asst. Chief of Naval Operations. SV officers entering and leaving room, guard outside. GV State Department Building (Gd. Ext. Scene.) LV towards Karusu and Nomura arriving at State Dept. building. CU State Dept. Building door, sign over it saying - "Secretary of State." CU Karusu and Nomura sitting down waiting. LV crowd outside Jap Embassy. LV grounds of the Jap Embassy, incinerators on the law full of burning papers. SV and CU incinerators. GV crowds outside Capitol at Washington. Nearer shot of crowds. LV crowd on kerb. Shot showing barricade across road to Capitol with sign "DO NOT ENTER" and policeman guarding it. SV policeman stopping group. LV pan Roosevelt arriving in open car with police escort. INT. GV Roosevelt being applauded in Congress. SV Roosevelt speaking and applause. LV audience applauding. GV members calling for vote. Pan shot roll call and members shouting "Aye." LV Sam Rayburn - Speaker of the House of Representatives - saying resolution is carried to Declare War and applause. SV Roosevelt signing Declaration of War. Side view Roosevelt signing.

    White House, Washington DC, U.S.A.: Shot, of Roosevelt sitting by fireside. CU Roosevelt speaking by fire.

    New York, U.S.A.: CU newspaper headline "AIR RAID ALARM SOUNDED NEW YORK POST." Pan fire engine in front of house. Shot of people in windows looking up. SV men in doorway looking up. LV children running out of Adelphi Academy. SV children entering cellar.

    Manhatten, U.S.A.: AV pan Upper Manhatten. SV roof spotter.

    New York, U.S.A.: SV American Legion Warning Service Hat - sign "AIRCRAFT WARNING SERVICE BROOKLYN POST. AMERICAN LEGION." CU warden looking through glasses. SV Legionaires at headquarters on phone. SV Legionaire marking map. CU First Aid sign on girl's arm "EMERGENCY FIRST AID. AMERICAN RED CROSS." GV and SV girl First Aid workers.

    New York, Seattle, U.S.A.: Pan down State War Department to guards forming up in front of building. Shot from inside through doors showing guards outside. GTV night shot of the lights of SEATTLE. SV woman putting blanket up at windows. SV man with newspaper headline "BLACKOUT TONIGHT." SV broken window in shop. CU and SV broken windows.

    Nebraska, U.S.A: LV generators of the Norris Dam. STV guards walking past spillway. SV two guards walking past. GV troops guarding Potomac Bridge. SV train passes soldier on guard.

    Seattle, Los Angeles, U.S.A.: GV empty street in Jap section of town. SV soldier guarding Jap store. Shot of four Jap fishing girls getting out of the way of the camera. SV guard checking identification of Chinese reporter outside gate of bank of Yokohama in Los Angeles. CU Chinaman opening jacket to reveal card reading "CHINESE REPORTER NOT JAPANESE - PLEASE!" LV Japs out of car and rounded up by FBI.

    Ellis Island, U.S.A.: SV guards outside Ellis Island barge office. LV Japs enter office. SV two Japs waiting to be questioned. SV one Jap waiting for questioning. CU Jap being questioned by reporters.

    New York, U.S.A.: GV and SV crowds examining bulletin in casualties in Times Square. CU pan down list of casualties. CU obituary of Private George G. Leslie. CU still of boy Leslie. CU Mother and Father at radio in home. CU obituary of Corporal Vincent M. Horan. CU still of boy Horan.

    Connecticut, U.S.A.: SV Mr. & Mrs. Horan at their home.

    New York, U.S.A.: CU obituary of Sgt. Schmersal - Air Corps. CU Sgt. Schmersal's father holding photo tilt down to picture. CU picture. CU Sgt. Schersal's father speaking.

    San Francisco, U.S.A.: GV men outside recruiting office. LV queue outside Post Office. GV INT. of recruiting office. INT.V men signing on. CU three types signing on.

    San Francisco, U.S.A.: SV sailor kissing girl. SV sailor kissing girl. CU girl talking to Marine. Pan down National Emergency poster reading "A NATIONAL EMERGENCY IS UPON US - ARISE AMERICA BEFORE IT IS TOO LATE - DEFEND YOUR COUNTRY AND YOUR LOVED ONES - ENLIST NOW...." Shot of American flag superimposed over scenes of troops marching.

    Congress, Washington DC, U.S.A.: SOUND EFFECTS: SV ROOSEVELT SPEAKS: "Hostilities exist, there is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory, and our interests are in grave danger. With confidence in our armed forces, with the unbounding determination of our people we will gain the inevitable triumph - so help us God." Natural sound of Sam Rayburn calling out names and people voting "Aye" and cheering and applause. Rayburn says that the resolution to declare war is carried and cheers and applause.

    Oval Room, White House, U.S.A.: ROOSEVELT SITTING BY FIRESIDE SPEAKS: "We are going to win this war and we are going to win the peace that follows and in the difficult hours of this day and through dark days that may be yet to come we will know that the vast majority of the members of the human race are fighting on our side. Many of them are in active service on our side. All of them are praying for us, for in representing our cause we represent theirs as well. Our hope and their hope for liberty under God."

    CU SGT. SCHMERSAL'S FATHER SPEAKS: "The only thing I can say is that you have to take it. The only thing I feel real bad about is that our boys didn't have a chance to go ahead and take care of the way they dastardly attacked them.

    "The son of mine always wanted to join in with the Army and he had his wife in front of him. He had a good time while he was there and he enjoyed it and I don't know - just can't say no more - can't say no more."

    Congress Washington DC, U.S.A.: GOOD SCENES: ROLL 1: GV Roosevelt seated at mikes (Applause) GV Roosevelt speaks. SV Roosevelt speaks. SV Roosevelt speaks. Long elevated view audience applauding. Long elevated view audience applauding. SV and SCU Sam Rayburn Speaker of the House of Representatives - signing Declaration of War (Flashes) SCU and SV Henry Agard Wallis - Vice President of the U.S.A. signing Declaration of War.

    Angle shot line of American soldiers marching past. GV line of soldiers lined up outside building. SV Attorney Gen. Biddle posing. (Silent) SV Biddle speaks. SCU Biddle speaks. CU Biddle speaks.

    Yokahomma, Los Angeles, U.S.A.: GV two military police on Yokahomma Bank in Los Angeles. TV sailing boats - quayside. SV Jap fishing girls run. GV Jap American League places American flag outside door. SV Jap man and woman posing by American flag.

    Lake Washington Bridge, White House, Washington DC, U.S.A.: GV Lake Washington Bridge in Seattle..cars stopped by troopers. SV American troopers speaking to Jas. SV trooper questioning Japs. GV pan car arriving at White House SV Secretary Hull out of car into White House. STV group of reporters outside White House with others.

    SOUND EFFECTS ON GOOD SCENES - ROLL 1: SV Biddle speaks: "Living among us are those we call aliens. They are people who have come here, most of them because they believe in and wish to enjoy the same freedom that means so much to us.

    SCU Biddle speaking: "We must remember that our parents or our grandparents or our great-grandparents all were aliens in their day.

    CU Biddle speaking: "If you wish to prove your loyalty to the American Government you must leave to the Federal Agencies this duty of handling alien questions concerning aliens. This will prevent injustice and possible retaliation against Americans in alien countries.

    "If you believe you have knowledge of any improper activity of any alien you should report the fact to the nearest FBI office. That is all you should do. Don't try to be the law yourself."

    Congress, Washington DC, U.S.A.: GV Roosevelt speaking at Congress: "Yesterday, December 7th, 1941, a date which will live in infamy, the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked, by Naval and Air Forces of the Empire of Japan. It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes it obvious that the attack was deliberately planned many days or even weeks ago.

    SV Roosevelt speaking: "As Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy I have directed that all measures be taken for our defence, but always will our whole nation remember the character of the onslaught against us. (Applause)

    SV Roosevelt speaking: "I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7th, 1941, a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese Empire. (Applause) Long elevated view audience applauding. Long elevated view audience applauding.

    SV Roosevelt speaking: "No matter how long it may take us to overcome this pre-mediated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory. (Applause)

    "Hostilities exist, there is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory, and our interests are in grave danger. With confidence in our armed forces, with the unbounding determination of our people we will gain the inevitable triumph, so help us God." (Applause)

    *** THE ABOVE SEQUENCES ARE NOT ON THIS CLIP ***


    United States of America
    Background: USA Reactions to declaration of war after attack on Pearl Harbour December 7th 1941, including extracts of President Roosevelt speaking to Congress
    and his address to the Nation from the White House.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVAH5NQXMOS2FBLL38HTVSO7V7L
    Media URN:
    VLVAH5NQXMOS2FBLL38HTVSO7V7L
    Group:
    Reuters - British Paramount Newsreel
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    29/12/1941
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:07:57:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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