VARIOUS LOCATIONS, UK
Despite many areas o widespread poverty and suffering around the world, the Executive Director of the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), Mr.
VARIOUS LOCATIONS, UK
1. SCU Mr. James Grant, UNICEF executive director speaks. (SOT) 0.07
2. SV Villagers gather water. Interior with children feeding. (SOT) 0.39
3. SV Dehydrated foods being mixed with water . (3 SHOTS) (SOT) 1.00
4. GV Several mothers breast-feeding children. (5 SHOTS) (SOT) 1.23
5. SCU & SV Mothers holding children. (4 SHOTS) (SOT) 1.43
6. SV Children being inoculated. (5 SHOTS) (SOT) 2.17
7. SV Woman carrying child. Interior. (SOT) 2.19
8. SCU James Grant speaks again. (SOT) 2.36
9. CU Childrens' faces. (5 SHOTS) (SOT) 2.50
TRANSCRIPT: GRANT:(SEQ 1-6) "Some five million children die every year, fifteen thousand in a day, from the dehydration that results in acute diarrhoea or when the child has lost 10 or 15 per cent of its body weight, in fluids, chemicals, and dies. And until very recently, the only known treatment for this and for cholera was an intravenous of a saline solution that replaced the water and the lost cells. The breakthrough was the development of the awareness that by putting the right amount of glucose, sugar, in the salt and water mix plus some other chemical for the glucose, you could take it orally and your body could absorb upto 25 times of the fluid in the salt than if you just drunk the salts themselves. Equally we are learning that one can reverse the trend away from breast-feeding in the urban slums where the basic lack of sanitation undoubtedly causes the problems associated with the rather massive trend away from breast-feeding in the urban slums... that this too can make a vast difference... the breast method being not only the most nutritious, but far the most sanitary ... (indistinct) with the mother, even for several months after the breast-feeding has ceased. And the third of the major technological advances which has made progress faster is the immunisation. The cost of the vaccine of immunising children against disease that kill five million of them each year, the cost of the vaccine is 72 cents. The big challenge is how to get them out to a refrigerated system to the people that need it. And secondly, even more difficult is how do you convince an illiterate mother that she should bring her child in three times to be inoculated particularly after the first time the child gets a fever and cries all night. Our judgement is that in a series of Latin America countries, that you could reduce by half the death rate among small children and reduce disabilities by half also or to put it more positively, many millions of children would be more healthy who would not otherwise be healthy and these healthy children are going to be learning more, they are going to be better citizens, better fathers and mothers in future."
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: VARIOUS LOCATIONS, UK
Despite many areas o widespread poverty and suffering around the world, the Executive Director of the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), Mr. James Grant, said in London on December 16, he was optimistic about the future for the children under the care of UNICEF. Although thousands of children were still dying each day from malnutrition, he said he was confident these numbers will have substantially declined by the end of this century.
Source: REUTERS - LEO WALLER