Iraqi mechanised infantry, covered by steady artillery fire, edged closer to the oil refinery of Abadan on Monday (20 October) to tighten the stranglehold on the embattled city.
GV PAN Heavy black smoke billowing from burning oil in Khorramshahr, Iran
GV PAN Vehicle exploding on outskirts of city
GV PAN Tank and bulldozer on flat-land outside Khorramshar near heavily-shelled apartment buildings (2 shots)
SV PULL BACK GV Sniper firm from roof type
SV PAN AND SV Snipers firing inside building (2 shots)1.02
TV District of Khorramshahr
TV Iraqi troops running in street under fire
GV Iraqi troops firing mortars from dug-out position
SV TILT UP Machine-gunner on rooftop
SV Iraqi troops searching buildings
SV PAN Captured Iranians
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Background: Iraqi mechanised infantry, covered by steady artillery fire, edged closer to the oil refinery of Abadan on Monday (20 October) to tighten the stranglehold on the embattled city. Iraqi sources reported their infantry and armoured personnel carriers were positioned in palm groves on the eastern edge of Abadan, which supplies two-thirds of Iran's oil needs in peacetime. The Iranians put up a fierce resistance to the slow but determined drive as they continue to do in Khorramshahr.
SYNOPSIS: Iraqi Television maintained that the Iranians, despite their efforts, were losing their battle to defend Khorramshahr.
The vital port city on the Shatt-Al-Arab waterway has been the scene of some of the most bitter fighting, with Iraqi forces trying to take control of the city, virtually since the four-week old war began.
Iranians claim the defenders have killed large number of Iraqi troops.
As hand-to-hand fighting continues, the Iraqis claim to be clearing the pockets of resistance and tightening their control over the sensitive sports. But the Iranian defenders in both Korramshahr and Abadan are in serious need of reinforcements. On Sunday (19 October) the commander in the area appealed for help from other units of the Iranian military.
But with Iraqi troops perched on virtually all major routes into the two cities, the prospect of reinforcing them is remote.
So much blood has been shed in Khorramshahr, that Iran's Supreme Defence Council decided on Sunday (19 October) to rename the city Khuninshahr, meaning "city of blood".
After the defender are flushed out, Iraqi troops do a careful house-to-house search for remaining snipers.
With Iraqi gun batteries only five miles (8 kms) from the oil-producing province's capital Ahwaz, the tactics of the Iraqi military command appear to be aimed at starving the key cities of Khuzestan into submission, rather than storming them directly, and causing even greater casualties.
Western observers believe that all indications point to a long conflict, after both sides have battled themselves into a corner, with no obvious route out towards the negotiating table.
For these Iranian prisoners, the fighting is over. But on Sunday (19 October) at the start of the Moslem feast of sacrifice, Id al-Adha, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini warned the Iranian nation to stand by for a possible declaration of a "Jinhad" (Holy War) against Iraq, involving the mobilisation of all able-bodied citizens.