INTRODUCTION: In the West African nation of Togo, celebration were held on Tuesday (13 January) to mark the 14th anniversary of President Gnassingbe Eyadema's accession to power.
SV PAN president's car. Gnassing Eyadema waves on crowds from open-topped limousine while bodyguards run beside car
SV PAN TO banners: "Long Live Togo" .. "Nigeria" ".. Sierra Leone" "... Le Cameroun" "... Ghana" ".. Republican Afrique Centrale" (2 shots)
GV and GV PAN women marching in columns past crowds (2 shots)
GV Group of folklore dancers with masks
GV and GV pan President Eyadema and other presidents take salute from marching members of Togo army. GV of tanks (6 shots)
SV President Eyadema with another President on dias
GV PAN TO armoured vehicles with troops
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Background: INTRODUCTION: In the West African nation of Togo, celebration were held on Tuesday (13 January) to mark the 14th anniversary of President Gnassingbe Eyadema's accession to power. A military parade, attended by heads of state from six other African countries, took place in the capital of Lome.
SYNOPSIS: President Eyadema took over in 1957 through a military coup, which led to the abolition of the National Assembly and the national constitution. In the same year, he took over the presidency and dissolved all political parties. In 1979, President Eyadema held the first elections in 16 years, which say him elected as head of state. A new constitution was endorsed and a list of candidates for a single-party Assembly was approved by the voters. Togo has since played an important part as a mediator in African disputes.
The celebrations to mark President Eyadema's anniversary coincided with an African summit conference held in Lome to discuss the proposed merges between Chad and the Libyan Jamahiriyah. Eleven African heads of state and two foreign ministers attended the summit. But, as President Eyadema was reviewing troops during the military parade, a crisis developed at the conference. Libya walked out of the meeting, and later said its military presence in Chad was being increased. Libya's Foreign Minister, Ali Abdel-Salam Tureiki, left the talks, saying that Egypt and some other countries should not be represented.
The meeting had been called by the chairman of the Organisation of African Unity, President Stevens of Sierra Leone, to discuss ways of dealing with the merger between the Libyans and Chad.
Delegates of the conference were expected to call on Chad's President, Goukouni to arrange the withdrawal of foreign troops before deciding on a merger with the Jamahiriyah.