An issue of the "March of Time" examining Chinese politics.
March of Time - check copyright. "Time - The Weekly Newsmagazine presents a new kind of pictorial journalism." Map of China showing its borders with Soviet Russia. US Government experts in Washington are compiling and collating statistics of lives lost and property destroyed in various countries during World War II to date. Burning buildings in China. Dead woman in rubble. Japanese soldiers. C/U of Japanese military officer or politician not recognised by this cataloguer. Aircraft flying over Chinese temple. Bombs being dropped on China seen from the aircraft which is dropping them. Bomb damage. Chinese children look up to the skies. Chungking. Burning buildings. Plumes of smoke. Boats on the harbour. Wounded man being led along. Small child dead amongst rubble. Lid taken off wooden coffin. Women and children in a food queue. Refugees. Japanese troops drive through street in tanks. Graphic map showing main cities affected by war. Newspaper production. Chinese army manoeuvres. Artillery. Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek and wife. Kung (?) sisters - wife of Kai-Shek, wife of China's Finance Minister and widow of the founder of the Chinese republic. Kai-Shek and his military leaders and statesmen inspect troops. Chinese soldiers in various manoeuvres and on the march. Cartoon image of Japanese troops surrendering. Japanese army. Civilians running for cover. Anti-Japanese cartoons. Photographs of the wounded and dead.
Young Chinese Americans march with American flags and a poster of Chiang Kai-Shek. Older Chinese men march with a banner inscribed: "A = America, B = Britain, C = China, D = Democracy." Japanese American women march with a banner reading: "China shall rise again - Mme Chiang Kai-Shek." Hon. William C. Bullitt makes a speech about China. Municipal buildings and temples of China. Kai-Shek in ceremony - a flag changes hands. Two Chinese men take tea. Voiceover contrasts the civilised ancient society of China with the "primitive tribalism" of Japan. Harbour. Many small boats. Chinese people arriving in harbour and travelling on a cart. Construction. Chinese men work on buildings. Blocks of flats. Chinese students reading books. Housing. Washing clothes in the open air. Domestic interior - woman cooking. Improved standards of living. Industry. Many men arriving for work.
Foundry. Industrial processes. "Coolies began learning the ways of the modern machines." Work montage. Spinning mill. Woman at work in mills. Shot of lots of winding machines with thread being spun on to them. Open air swimming pool - many men diving off boards. Street scenes. 1937 - Car pulls out of a driveway. Japanese military men - not recognised by this cataloguer. Women at work packing boxes of rations for the army. C/U of box with ration items being put inside. Soldiers climbing aboard a train. M/S of warship. C/U of military man planning manoeuvres. Various shots of Japanese military. Fires in the street - civilians work to put out fires. L/S of bombing explosions in a city. Army on the march. Chiang Kai-Shek on the march. Shot of Kai-Shek and military men. Shots of young army cadets. C/U of young women in cadet uniform. Kai-Shek makes a speech.
Subtitles translate as: "Today, you and I have before us the hard task of defence and reconstruction. We must toil and fight to emancipate our nation carrying on without rest our struggle for freedom and equality. For only by performing our whole duties as citizens may we rebuild China to power and greatness and glory." M/S of nurses tending to wounded - possibly an training exercise. Shots of women receiving money from men sitting at a desk in the open air. Five young boys play with a miniature tank - there is one boy inside. M/S of girls putting on gas masks. Art class -young girl drawing a parachutist in chalk. Young boy making model aeroplane.
Young boys and a girl playing at being soldiers - one of the boy's has a pretend searchlight and the other boy and girl have toy antiaircraft guns. Men at work in forests felling trees and transporting them. Man lifting large rock - or possibly piece of coal? into a barrow. Various shots of women at work in spinning mill. Chinese refugees walk along carrying their belongings in packages hanging on either end of a pole carried on their shoulders. Interiors of factories and foundry. Work montage.
L/S of large number of women working at spinning wheels in the open air. Closer shots of the women at work. M/S of four young girls knitting. C/U of one of the girls. Men at work in mills. Tanks in the street. Fighter plane being prepared for take off. Soldiers on the march. Army manoeuvres. Various shots of guns being fired, explosions etc.
Soldiers in march past. Soldiers running past the camera with their guns. Air force on the march and awaiting orders. L/S and C/U military men. High angle of a street parade. Various shots of people marching with banners. Wounded men. School scenes- C/Us of school children. Young boy pointing to words written on the blackboard: "A - America, B - Britain, C- China, D - Democracy." C/U of young boy copying the phrase into his book.